Advanced Photon Source

An Office of Science National User Facility

Experiment Hazard Class 6.7 – Explosive and Energetic Materials


All experiments involving the use of explosive material for beamline analysis. Visiting scientists at the APS periodically perform beamline experiments involving explosive material (ie, TATB, HMX, RDX, PETN, HNFX, etc.). All work with explosive materials must be done under the requirements of ANL LMS-PROC-88 (containing the ANL Site Plan) and U.S. DOE, Explosives Safety, STD-1212-2012.

All explosive material that is brought to ANL/APS for experimental use must be consumed or returned to the users’ home institution upon completion of the experiment.For the return of unconsumed materials the user/Beamline must make arrangements for the repackaging of the materials in the transport package by ANL Shipping.The APS User Safety Officer or designee will arrange for transport of the package back to Building 46 for shipment.

Shipping of Explosive Materials

Explosive material must be transported to and from ANL through Bldg. 46, ANL Shipping/Receiving Department (Doreen Schoening, 630-252-4939) in compliance with DOT regulations or applicable DOT exemptions based on the type and quantities shipped. The tracking numbers for the shipment must be supplied to ANL Shipping/Receiving Department and the APS User Safety Officer before the shipment arrives at ANL.Upon arrival of the explosive material at Bldg. 46, the material may only be transported to the APS and back to Bldg. 46 via an ANL HazMat truck or a government vehicle operated by APS staff.The amounts and types of explosives shipped to the APS must agree with the ESAF for the experiment.Deliveries of hazardous materials will not be accepted at Argonne National Laboratory on Saturday,Sunday or Holidays.

The address to be used for shipping explosive materials to ANL is:

Recipient's Name
c/o Building 46, Hazardous Materials Receiving
Sector No. ______
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 South Cass Ave.
Argonne, IL60439

Experiment Category

Experiments involving experiment hazard class 6.7 (Explosive materials) qualify for high risk. The addition of other hazard classes may require additional reviews.

Experiment Hazard Control Verification Statements

Engineered Controls – The explosive material must be protected from excessive temperatures, electrical sparks, ignition sources, etc. In the case of lightning or an approaching storm, and there is a site-wide alarm, all operations with explosives will cease.All explosives will have to be put in storage if safety allows.

Procedural Controls – APS Users who will be working within Experiment Hazard Class 6.7 should submit an ESAF at least 3 weeks prior to any beamline experiments involving explosive material in order to verify proper transport method, materials handling procedures, and to ensure timely approval by both the host sector and the APS Experiment Safety Review Board. Lack of approval by either entity may result in forfeiture of your scheduled beamtime.

An inventory list of the explosive material will be sent by the APS User Officer (Bruce Glagola, 630-252-9797) or designee to ANL Security, ANL Fire Department, the ANL Explosive Safety Specialist (Frank Curran, 630-252-7293), FMS - Safety & Emergency Systems and APS Building Management (Ed Russel). This list will include the type of explosive material, name of material, volume, weight or quantity, location, responsible party w/alternate, institutional owner of material, and lot numbers or serial numbers, if applicable. The above ANL groups will also be notified upon removal of the explosive material from ANL premises.The inventory of explosive material at APS will be kept in the ANL CORAL system by the APS User Safety Officer or designee.

Design Reviews and Equipment Inspections – All work with explosive materials at the APS will be reviewed by either the APS User Safety Officer and/or a member of the APS Experiment Safety Review Board and the ANL Explosive Safety Committee on an individual basis.

The responsible person for the explosive material must determine the toxicity, hazardous properties and transportation classification of the material using the manufacturer's SDS or other information sources.

Any special components or equipment (other than DAC’s) to be used for containing explosive material during the experiment will be reviewed on an individual basis by the ANL Explosive Safety Committee and other pertinent ANL Committees.Information about previous reviews at the user’s home institution should be included in the ESAF.

Training – Each experiment must have at least one certified explosives handler that has completed the required explosive safety training at their home institution.Proof of training will be required at the time of the review. Personnel involved with operations dealing with explosive material may be consulted by the ANL Explosive Safety Specialist (Frank Curran, 630-252-7293) at a level dependent upon the type of operations being conducted. 

Storage and Labeling – When the explosive material arrives at the APS and is removed from its shipping package, sympathetic detonation must then be immediately precluded through the storage of the samples within a non-propagating array. The storage container (e.g., explosives safe or shipping pipe) must be kept locked. The area(s) where the explosive material is to be used and/or stored must also be posted with an NFPA 704 label to warn of potential explosion hazards and also provide emergency information. An NFPA 704 label may be obtained from the APS User Safety Officer.

Personal Protective Equipment – As specified in the SDS for the explosive material. At a minimum, safety glasses and gloves appropriate for the material are to be worn during any handling of the explosive or energetic material.

Experiment Authorization

Unless otherwise noted in the approved experiment safety plan, the PSC Deputy Associate Laboratory Director of Operations delegates the authority to authorize an experiment in this hazard class to a member of the APS Experiment Safety Review Board and resident beamline personnel having the authority to authorize experiments as listed in the ESAF system. Approval by both the host sector and the APS Experiment Safety Review Board are mandatory prerequisites for experiment authorization.

Hazard Control Verification

The PSC Deputy Associate Laboratory Director of Operations delegates responsibility for verifying that required controls are in place to the experiment On-site Spokesperson and Beamline Management.


ANL LMS-PROC-88 Safe Use of Explosives   3/7/2016 (Internal link)

Please contact Bruce Glagola or Nena Moonier if you can not access the internal link

Reviewed: March 16, 2017