Karena Chapman

Argonne National Laboratory
9700 S. Cass Ave
Argonne, Il 60439

Phone: 630-252-0127

Fax: 630-252-0365

E-Mail: chapmank@aps.anl.gov



  • Jun 2011 - present: Chemist, X-ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • Jul 2009 - Jun 2011:   Assistant Chemist, X-ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • Aug 2006 - Jun 2009:   Compton Postdoctoral Fellow, X-ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • Sep 2005 - Jul 2006:   Postdoctoral Appointee, X-ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory
  • 2002 - 2005: Doctorate of Philosophy School of Chemistry, University of Sydney
  • 1998 - 2001: Bachelor of Science (Advanced) with Honours in Chemistry University of Sydney

Research Interests & Expertise (materials): Metal-organic framework materials; Coordination framework materials; Nanoporous materials; Host-guest chemistry; Gas storage materials; Zeolites; Negative thermal expansion materials; Spin crossover framework materials; Supported catalysts; Nanoparticles; Pressure-induced behavior

Research Interests & Expertise (methodology): Pair distribution function analysis; High-energy X-ray scattering; In-situ studies under non-ambient conditions; High pressure X-ray scattering; X-ray and neutron powder diffraction; Single-crystal structural analysis

Selected Publications:

Karena W. Chapman, Peter J. Chupas, Gabrielle G. Long, Leonid A. Bendersky, Lyle E. Levine, Frédéric Mompiou, Judith K. Stalick, John W. Cahn
"An ordered metallic glass solid solution phase that grows from the melt like a crystal,"
Acta Mater. 62, 58-68 (2014). DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.08.063

Kevin A. Beyer, Haiyan Zhao, Olaf J. Borkiewicz, Mark A. Newton, Peter J. Chupas, Karena W. Chapman
"Simultaneous diffuse reflection infrared spectroscopy and X-ray pair distribution function measurements,"
J. Appl. Crystallogr. 47 (1), 95-101 (2014). DOI: 10.1107/S1600576713028410

Leighanne C. Gallington, Karena W. Chapman, Cody R. Morelock, Peter J. Chupas, Angus P. Wilkinson
"Dramatic softening of the negative thermal expansion material HfW[subscript 2]O[subscript 8] upon heating through its WO[subscript 4] orientational order-disorder phase transition,"
J. Appl. Phys. 115 (5), 053512-1-053512-5 (2014). DOI: 10.1063/1.4864258

Kamila M. Wiaderek, Olaf J. Borkiewicz, Nathalie Pereira, Jan Ilavsky, Glenn G. Amatucci, Peter J. Chupas, Karena W. Chapman,
"Mesoscale Effects in Electrochemical Conversion: Coupling of Chemistry to Atomic- and Nanoscale Structure in Iron-Based Electrodes,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 (17), 6211-6214 (2014). DOI: 10.1021/ja501854y

Dae Hoe Lee, Kyler J. Carroll, Karena W. Chapman, Olaf J. Borkiewicz, Scott Calvin, Eric E. Fullerton, Ying Shirley Meng
"Understanding improved electrochemical properties of NiO-doped NiF[subscript 2]–C composite conversion materials by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and pair distribution function analysis,"
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16 (7), 3095-3102 (2014). DOI: 10.1039/C3CP54431A

Borkiewicz, O.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.;
Mapping spatially inhomogeneous electrochemical reactions in battery electrodes using high energy X-rays
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 8466-8469

S. H. Lapidus,* G. J. Halder,* P. J. Chupas, K. W. Chapman, (*authors contributed equally to the work)
Exploiting High Pressures to Generate Porosity, Polymorphism, And Lattice Expansion in the Nonporous Molecular Framework Zn(CN)2’
J. Am. Chem. Soc, 2013, 135, 7621-7628.

Wiaderek, K.M.; Borkiewicz, O.J.; Castillo-Martínez, E.; Robert, R.; Pereira, N.; Amatucci, G.G.; Grey, C.P.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.;
Comprehensive Insights into the Structural and Chemical Changes in Mixed Anion FeOF Electrodes by using operando PDF and NMR Spectroscopy
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2013), 4070-4078

Borkiewicz, O.J.; Shyam, B.; Wiaderek, K.M.; Kurtz, C.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.;
The AMPIX electrochemical cell: A versatile apparatus for in-situ X-ray scattering and spectroscopic measurements during battery cycling
J. Appl. Cryst. (2012), 1261-1269

Du, P.; Kokhan, O.; Chapman K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Tiede, D.M.
Elucidating the Domain Structure of the Cobalt-Oxide Water Splitting Catalyst by X-ray Pair Distribution Function Analysis

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2012), 11096–11099.  

Wilkinson, A.P.; Greve, B.K.; Ruschman, C.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.
Pressure Induced Amorphization of ZrMo2O8 and its Relaxation on Decompression as seen by In-Situ Total Scattering

J. Appl. Phys. (2012), 112, 023511-6.  

Katz, J. E.; Zhang, X.; Attenkofer, K.; Chapman, K. W.; Zarzycki, P.; Rosso, K. M.; Falcone, R. W.; Waychunas G.A.; Gilbert.B. Origin of the differences in redox reactivity of metal (oxyhydr)oxides revealed by time-resolved spectroscopy
Science (2012), 337, 1200-1203.  

Allan, P.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Hriljac, J.A.; Renouf, C.L.; Lucas, T.C.A; Morris, R.E.
Pair distribution function-derived mechanism of a single-crystal to disordered to single-crystal transformation in a hemilabile metal–organic framework
Chem. Sci. (2012) 2559.

Thompson, J.A.; Chapman, K.W.; Koros, W.J.; Jones, C.W.; Nair, S.
Sonication-Induced Ostwald Ripening of ZIF-8 Nanoparticles and Formation of ZIF-8/Polymer Composite Membranes
Micropor. Mesopor. Mat. (2012), 292–299.  

Shyam, B.; Chapman, K.W.; Balasubramanian, M.; Klingler, R.J.; Srajer, G.; Chupas, P.J.
Structural and Mechanistic Revelations on an Iron Conversion Reaction from Pair Distribution Function Analysis
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2012), 4852-4855.

Newton, M. A.; Chapman, K.W.; Thompsett, D.; Chupas, P.J.;
Chasing Changing Nanoparticles with Time-Resolved Pair Distribution Function Methods
J. Am. Chem. Soc.(2012), 5036–5039.

Zhao, H.Y.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.
Fast Time-Resolved Pair Distribution Function Studies of Supported Gold Nanoparticle Formation
Z. Kristallogr. (2012), 268-271. Invited

Chapman, K.W.; Sava, D.F.; Halder, G.J.; Chupas, P.J.; Nenoff, T.M.
Trapping guests within a nanoporous metal-organic framework through pressure-induced amorphization
J. Am. Chem. Soc.(2011) 18583-18585.

Zhao, H.Y.; Nenoff, T.M.; Jennings, G.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.
Determining Quantitative Kinetics and Structural Mechanism for Silver Particle Growth in Zeolite Templates
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (2011), 2742–2746.

Wilkinson, A.P.; Morelock, C.R.; Greve, B.K.; Jupe, A.C.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Kurtz, C.
Reducing the background from pressure vessels using a BRIM
J. Appl. Crystallogr.(2011), 1047-1053.

Dambournet,D.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Gerald, R.E.; Labrugere, C.; Demourgues, A.; Tressaud, A.; Amine, K.
Dual Lithium Insertion and Conversion Mechanisms in a Titanium-based Mixed Anion Nanocomposite
J. Am. Chem. Soc.(2011), 13240–13243.   (highlighted in APS Science 2011)

Sava, D.F.; Rodriguez, M.A.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Greathouse, J.A.; Crozier, P.S.; Nenoff, T.M.
Capture Of Volatile Iodine, a Gaseous Fission Product, by Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework-8
J. Am. Chem. Soc.(2011), 12398–12401.

Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Halder, G.J.
Elucidating the Structure of Surface Acid Sites on γ-Al2O3
J. Am. Chem. Soc.(2011), 8522-8524.

Dambournet,D.; Chapman, K.W.; Koudriachova, M. V.; Chupas, P.J.; Belharouak, I; Amine, K.
Combining Pair Distribution Function and Computational Methods to Understand Lithium Insertion in Brookite (TiO2)
Inorg. Chem. (2011), 5855-5857.

Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Schleuter, J.A.; Manson, J.L.
Sequential orbital reorientation in a magnetic framework material under pressure.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2011), 50, 419 –421.  

Greve, B.K., Martin, K.L., Lee, P.L., Chupas, P.J., Chapman, K.W.; Wilkinson, A.P.
Pronounced Negative Thermal Expansion from a Simple Structure: Cubic ScF3
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2010), 15496–15498.  

Oxford, S.M.; Lee, P.L.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Kung, M.C.; Kung, H.H.
Study of Supported PtCu and PdAu Bimetallic Nanoparticles Using In-Situ X-Ray Tools.
J. Phys. Chem. C (2010), 17085–17091.  

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Nenoff, T.M.
Radioactive Iodine Capture in Silver-Loaded Zeolites Through Nanoscale Silver Iodide Formation.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2010), 8897–8899.  


Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Halder, G.J.; Hriljac, J.A.; Kurtz, C.; Greve, B.K.; Ruschman, C.J.; Wilkinson, A.P.
Optimising High Pressure Pair Distribution Function Measurements in Diamond Anvil Cells.
J. Appl.Crystallogr. (2010), 297–307.  

Harrington, R.; Hausner, D.B.; Narayan, N.; Strongin, D.R. ;Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Middlemiss, D.S.; Grey, C.P.; Parise, J.B. Investigation of surface structures by powder diffraction: A differential pair distribution function study on arsenate sorption on ferrihydrite.
Inorg. Chem.
(2010), 325–330.

Phillips, A.E.; Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Goodwin, A.L.; Kepert, C.J.
Zero Thermal Expansion in a Flexible, Stable Framework: Tetramethylammonium Copper(I) Zinc(II) Cyanide
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
(2010), 10-11.

Chapman, K.W.; Halder, G.J.; Chupas, P.J.
Pressure-Induced Pore Modification in a Metal-Organic Framework.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2009), 17546-17547.  

Halder, G.J.; Park, H.; Funk, R.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Engerer, L.K.; Geiser, U.; Schlueter, J.A.
In-situ X-ray diffraction studies of host-guest properties in nanoporous zinc-triazolate-based framework materials
Cryst. Growth & Des. 
(2009), 3609-3614.

Neville, S.M.; Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Duriska, M.B.; Moubaraki, B.; Murray, K.S.; Kepert, C.J.
Guest Tunable Structure and Spin Crossover Properties in a Nanoporous Coordination Framework Material
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
(2009), 12106-12108.

Southon, P.D.; Lang, L.; Fellows, E.; Price, D.; Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Moubaraki, B.; Murray, K.S.; Létard, J.-F.; Kepert, C.J.
Dynamic Interplay between Spin-Crossover and Host-Guest Function in a Nanoporous Metal-Organic Framework Material
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
(2009), 10998-11009.

Readman, J.E.; Forster, P.M.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Parise, J.B.; Hriljac, J.A.
Pair distribution function analysis of pressure treated zeolite Na-A
Chem. Commun. (2009), 3383-3385.

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.;
The Anomalous Thermal Expansion of Cuprites:  A Combined High Resolution Pair Distribution Function and Geometric Analysis
Chem. Mater. (2009), 425–431.

Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Chen, H.; Grey, C.P.
Application of High-Energy X-rays and Pair Distribution Function to Nano-scale Structural Studies in Catalysis
Catal. Today. (2009), 145, 213-219.

Duriska, M.B.; Neville, S.M.; Moubaraki, B.; Cashion, J.D.; Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Balde, C. Létard, J.-F.; Murray, K.S.; Kepert, C.J.; Batten, S.R.
A SupramolecularNanoball’ with Thermal, Light and Guest-Induced Molecular Switching.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
(2009), 48(14), 2549-2552.

Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Neville, S.M.; Moubaraki, B.; Murray, K.S.; Létard, J.F.; Kepert, C.J.
Mechanism of a Two-Step Spin Crossover in a Nanoporous Iron(II) Coordination Framework Material
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2008), 130(51), 17552-17562.

Cetinkol, M.; Wilkinson, A.P.; Chapman, K.W.
Scandium tungstate above 2.5 GPa.
Solid State Commun.
(2008), 148(11-12), 511-515.

Wu, Y.; Kobayashi, A.; Halder, G.J.; Peterson, V.K.; Chapman, K.W.; Lock, N.; Southon, P.D.; Kepert,C.J.
Negative Thermal Expansion in the Metal-Organic Framework Material Cu3(1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate)2
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2008), 8929-8932.

Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Halder, G.J.; Kurtz, C.; Hanson, J.C.; Lee, P.L.; Grey, C.P.
A Versatile Sample-Environment Cell for Non-Ambient X-ray Scattering Experiments.
J. Appl. Crystallogr. (2008), 41, 822-824.

Chapman, K.W.; Halder, G.J.; Chupas, P.J.
Guest-dependent High-Pressure Phenomena in a Nanoporous Metal-Organic Framework Material.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2008), 10524 - 10526.

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Winans, R.E.; Pugmire, R.J.
High Pressure Pair Distribution Function Studies of Green River Oil Shale.
J. Phys. Chem. C (2008), 9980-9982

Neville, S.M.; Halder, G.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Duriska, M.B.; Southon, P.D.; Cashion, J.D.; Létard, J.F.; Moubaraki, B.; Murray, K.S.; Kepert, C.J.   Single-Crystal to Single-Crystal Structural Transformation and Photo-magnetic Properties of a Porous Iron(II) Spin Crossover Framework.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2008), 2869-2876.

White, K.M.; Lee, P.L.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Payzant, E.A.; Jupe, A.C.; Bassett, W.A.; Zha, C.-S.; Wilkinson, A. P.
Synthesis, Symmetry and Physical Properties of Cerium Pyrophosphate.
Chem. Mater. (2008), 3728-3734.

Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.
Introduction to Non-Laboratory Radiation Sources in Principles and Applications of Powder Diffraction
A. Clearfield, N. Bhuvanesh, J. Reibenspies (Eds) Blackwell Publishing, 2008. 

Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Jennings, G.; Lee, P.L.; Grey, C.P.
Watching Nanoparticles Grow:  Probing the Mechanism and Kinetics for the Formation and Growth of TiO2-Supported Platinum Nanoparticles
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2007), 129, 13822-13824. (highlight Science 9 November 2007: Vol. 318. no. 5852, p. 889 DOI: 10.1126/science.318.5852.889c) . 

Chapman, K.W.;  Chupas, P.J.
Pressure Enhancement of Negative Thermal Expansion Behavior and Induced Framework Softening in Zinc Cyanide.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2007), 129, 10090-10091.

Page, K.; Schade, C.S.; Zhang, J.P.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Proffen, Th.; Cheetham, A.K.; Seshadri, R.
Preparation and characterization of Pd2Sn nanoparticles.
Mater. Res. Bull. (2007), 42, 1969-1975.

Chapman, K.W.;  Chupas, P.J.;  Kurtz, C.A.; Locke, D.R.; Parise, J.B.; Hriljac, J.A.
Hydrostatic low-range pressure applications of the Paris-Edinburgh cell utilising polymer gaskets for diffuse X-ray scattering measurements.
J. Appl. Crystallogr. (2007), 40, 196-198.

Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Lee, P.L.
Applications of an amorphous silicon-based area detector for high resolution, high sensitivity and fast time-resolved pair distribution function measurements.
J. Appl. Crystallogr. (2007), 40, 463-470.

Lee, J. H.; Almer, J.; Aydiner, C.; Bernier, J.; Chapman, K.; Chupas, P.; Haeffner, D.; Kump, K.; Lee, P. L.; Lienert, U.; Miceli, A.; Vera, G.  Characterization and application of a GE amorphous silicon flat panel detector in a synchrotron light source.
Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A (2007), 582, 182-184.

Martin, C.D.; Chupas, P.J.; Chapman, K.W.; Parise J.B.
Local vs. average structure: a study of Neighborite (NaMgF3) utilizing the pair-distribution function method for structure determination. 
J. Appl. Crystallogr. (2007), 40, 441-448.

Martin, C.D.; Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Prakapenka, V.; Lee, P.L.; Shastri, S.D.; Parise J.B.
Compression, thermal expansion, structure, and instability of CaIrO3, the structure model of MgSiO3 post-perovskite. 
Am. Mineral. (2007), 92, 1048-1053.

Neville, S.M; Leita, B.A.; Offermann, D.; Duriska, M.B.; Moubaraki, B.; Chapman, K.W.;  Halder, G.J; Murray, K.S.
Spin-Crossover Studies on a Series of 1-D Chain and Dinuclear Iron(II) Triazine-Dipyridylamine Compounds
Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. (2007), 1073-1085 (Front cover).

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Maxey, E.R.; Richardson, J.W.
Direct Observation of Adsorbed H2-Framework Interactions in the Prussian Blue analogue MnII3[CoIII(CN)6]2: The Relative Importance of Accessible Coordination Sites and van der Waals Interactions.
Chem. Commun. (2006), 4013-4015.

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Kepert, C.J.
Compositional Dependence of Negative Thermal Expansion in the Prussian Blue Analogues MIIPtIV(CN)6 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd)
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2006) 128, 7009-7014. (highlighted in APS Science 2006)

Pretsch, T.; Chapman, K.W.; Halder, G.J.; Kepert, C.J.
Dehydration of the Nanoporous Coordination Framework ErIII[CoIII(CN)6]∙4(H2O): Single Crystal to Single Crystal Transformation and Negative Thermal Expansion in ErIII[CoIII(CN)6]
Chem. Commun. (2006), 1857-1859.

Chapman, K.W.; Hagen, M.; Kepert, C.J.; Manuel, P.
Low energy phonons in the NTE compounds Zn(CN)2 and ZnPt(CN)6.
Physica B (2006), 385-386, 60-62.

Goodwin, A.L.; Chapman, K.W.; Kepert, C.J.
Guest-Dependent Negative Thermal Expansion in Nanoporous Prussian Blue Analogues MIIPtIV(CN)6
×x{H2O} (0 £ x £ 2; M = Zn, Cd). 
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2005) 127, 17980-17981.

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Kepert, C.J.
Direct Observation of a Transverse Vibrational Mechanism for Negative Thermal Expansion in Zn(CN)2:  an Atomic Pair Distribution Function Analysis. 
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2005) 127, 15630-15636. 

Chapman, K.W.; Chupas, P.J.; Kepert, C.J.
Selective Recovery of Dynamic Guest Structure in a Nanoporous Prussian Blue Through
in situ X-ray Diffraction:  a Differential Pair Distribution Function Analysis.
J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2005) 127, 11232-11233.  (highlighted in APS Science 2005)

Chapman, K.W.;  Southon, P.D.;  Weeks, C.L.;  Kepert, C.J.
Reversible hydrogen gas uptake in nanoporous Prussian Blue analogues. 
Chem. Commun. (2005), 26, 3322-3324.

Kurmoo, M.;  Kumagai, H.;  Chapman, K.W.;  Kepert, C.J.
Reversible ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic transformation upon dehydration-hydration of the nanoporous coordination framework, [Co3(OH)2(C4O4)2]•3H2O
Chem. Commun. (2005), 24, 3012-3014 (Front Cover).

Kepert, C.J.;  Chapman, K.W.
Crystal oscillators.  
University of Sydney/Griffith Hack (2004) Australian Provisional Patent 2004900172
University of Sydney/Griffith Hack (2005) International Patent WO2005069481

Kumagai, H;  Chapman, K.W.;  Kepert, C.J.;  Kurmoo, M. 
Binary metal(II)-pyromellitate coordination polymers, M2(pm) (M=Co, Fe, Mn): synthesis, structures and magnetic properties.  
Polyhedron  (2003), 22(14-17), 1921-1927

Chapman, K.;  Crittenden, D.;  Bevitt, J.;  Jordan, M.J.T.;  Del Bene, J.E. 
Relating Environmental Effects and Structures, IR, and NMR Properties of Hydrogen-Bonded Complexes: ClH:Pyridine. 
J. Phys. Chem. A  (2001),  105(22),  5442-5449. 

Bevitt, J.;  Chapman, K.;  Crittenden, D.;  Jordan, M.J.T.;  Del Bene, J.E.
An ab Initio Study of Anharmonicity and Field Effects in Hydrogen-Bonded Complexes of the Deuterated Analogues of HCl and HBr with NH3 and N(CH3)3.
J. Phys. Chem. A  (2001),  105(13),  3371-3378.