APS User News
Issue 84, August 28, 2013



APS UPGRADE NEWS by George Srajer, APS Upgrade Director

-- Three-Way Meeting Hosted at APS
-- Tech Tuesdays
-- Get Your Geek On: NUFO Goes to Capitol Hill
-- APS User Program: New Roles
-- Nobel Laureate Keynote Address Kicks Off Record-breaking Users Meeting
-- APS Science 2012 Research and Engineering Highlights--Get Yours Today!
-- APS Data Management Practices
-- Quiet Vehicle Hazards

-- 2013 Arthur H. Compton Award Recognizes "Top-Up" Operation Founders
-- Art of Science Entries Sought!
-- Next U.S. Particle Accelerator School
-- Scientific American Blog Highlights the Need for Scientists to Do Own Outreach
-- Upcoming Meetings of Interest
-- General User Proposal Deadline for Run 2014-1: November 1, 2013
-- Current APS Job Openings

Instructions for subscribing, unsubscribing, and submitting info

As light source users we know what a great investment these facilities are in furthering the health, wealth, and security of the nation. But being focused on our research, we can easily forget that not everyone shares our intimate knowledge of x-ray science or understands how it drives innovation in universities, industry, and national laboratories.

Sure, we can assume that the exemplary nature of the science and its value to overcoming global grand challenges will make it boil to the surface of the nation’s consciousness. However, that has rarely happened. Sputnik-type surges of public interest are few and far between.

It’s not that the world doesn’t care about research. It’s that science is one of many things competing for the public’s attention: ever more sophisticated entertainment industries; the everyday cares of job, family, and community; and dire news about the very same global challenges in the economy, environment, energy, and security that we are endeavoring to find solutions for.

We need your help to be heard through this daily bustle.

Please continue to share your successes with us. Let us know about your breakthroughs, upcoming publications in leading journals, partnerships with industry, and outreach activities. We want to help you get the recognition that you deserve. And we want to let those who don’t typically have time to peruse scientific journals –- your neighbors, the next generation of scientists, business leaders and legislators – know about the great things going on at the APS.

Our leaders want to know about your science. That is evident in the fact that the House Science and National Labs Caucus invited user facilities to spend the afternoon with its members explaining research and showcasing new breakthroughs. APS staff and users were among the demonstrators, and they received many questions and positive feed back from the attendees, which included representatives from more than 35 Congressional offices as well as funding agencies and professional societies.

The general public also wants to hear about your research. That is evident in the interest garnered by the partnership between Smithsonian Museum and XSD researchers to use the Sector 26 nanoprobe to study the degradation of daguerreotype collections. Coverage by mainstream publications such as Voice of America and the Chicago Tribune have prompted neighbors and friends of Argonne employees to ask them about what goes on here and what other exciting research they may have missed.

Mainstream interest is also evident in the response to results from one of the first experiments to use the Superconducting Undulator prototype, which was installed in the APS ring in January. The immediate goal of developing novel SCUs is to significantly boost the brightness of high-energy X-ray beams, one of the important enhanced capabilities of the upgraded APS source.  Scientists from Ames Laboratory took advantage of this brightness at Sector 6 to help them discover a new family of quasicrystals. The result was published online and was on the cover of Nature Materials.  Ames Laboratory contacted the APS and issued a press release about this exciting new discovery, which garnered quite a bit of attention across the web with readers who likely would not have heard about the result otherwise.

But we can’t hold outreach events or share your stories if you don’t first share them with us.  So please send ideas to our communications staff, Tona Kunz tkunz@anl.gov or Rick Fenner fenner@aps.anl.gov.

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APS Upgrade News by George Srajer, APS Upgrade Director:
Delivering a Powerful, Versatile Facility for Science with High-brightness, High-energy X-rays: APS Upgrade to Evaluate Incorporation of Multi-bend Achromat Lattice
The Advanced Photon Source Upgrade is focused on delivering a powerful, versatile facility for science with high-brightness, high-energy X-rays. At the APS, and around the U.S. light source community, scientists have been developing storage ring designs to push closer to the ultimate diffraction limit for X-ray sources. A recent report by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC), which advises the Director of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, has recommended leveraging such “multi-bend achromat” (MBA) technology to boost research tools used by innovators in academia, industry and National Laboratories (Future Light Sources Report).  This emerging technology could provide orders-of-magnitude improvement in coherent flux for imaging with wavelength-limited spatial resolution and for nanoprobes utilizing the full array of powerful X–ray contrast modes, from diffraction to resonant inelastic X-ray scattering. Moreover, the development of such capabilities will be essential if U.S. light sources are to remain world-leading in an increasingly competitive international environment.

Argonne and the APS are evaluating the incorporation of this MBA technology into the ongoing APS Upgrade project. This would solidify the APS’s role as the nation’s premier high-energy light source and ensure that the U.S. retains its leadership as a global hub for innovation by maintaining leadership in X-ray light source technology.

As part of this effort, the APS will be engaging the community to optimize the scientific capabilities that could be obtained from an MBA lattice design. A preliminary design study indicates that the X-ray brightness would be increased by more than a factor of 100, and the X-ray flux would also be improved. An initial summary of the expected performance characteristics of an MBA lattice at APS is available at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Upgrade/Documents/. We will discuss the current state of the design with the community at the upcoming monthly operations meeting on August 28.

In the coming six weeks, APS staff and management will arrange discussions with representatives from current APS beamlines, scientific interest groups, user organizations and stakeholders. In parallel, staff will continue to optimize accelerator and beamline design parameters to incorporate this transformative technology into the APS Upgrade. These discussions will culminate in a joint meeting at APS on October 21-22 to discuss the scientific opportunities and design goals and summarize them in a report. Users will be notified as more details become available about the October workshop.

The workshop report will be reviewed by the full APS Scientific Advisory Committee at its meeting on November 6-7.

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Three-Way Meeting Hosted at APS
The Three-Way Meeting was held at the Advanced Photon Source from July 30 through August 2, 2013. This was the 14th meeting in a long history dating back to the early years of the hard x-ray synchrotron (circa 1993). It’s held approximately every 18 months, alternately hosted by the current four large, hard x-ray light sources: APS, ESRF, SPring-8, and the newest member PETRA-III. The last time APS had hosted the meeting was in 2008. The meeting is attended by optics and detector scientists and user program administators as well as the facility directors from the four synchrotrons. The meeting is intended to foster communication and collaboration between the laboratories and to discuss instrumental, scientific, and organizational issues common among the four light sources. Fifteen exhibitor companies and more than 150 participants made this year’s meeting a dynamic opportunity to share insights and information among the organizations.

The event kicked off with two days of optics, detector, and user services workshops featuring presentations by speakers from across the four facilities. The optics workshop (local organizer Lahsen Assoufid) spanned the topics of crystal optics, thin film optics, nanofocusing optics, metrology, and optics simulation, modeling, and coherence. Local detector workshop organizers Antonino Miceli and Robert Bradford hosted a morning session focused on current projects and future directions across the four facilities; the afternoon session included more in-depth technical talks. There were stimulating discussions, including initial conversations with the DESY group regarding testing XFEL detectors at the APS’ optics and detector beamline. The user services workshop (local organizer Susan Strasser) began with overview presentations from the managers of the four User Programs, after which detailed presentations and discussions were held on the following topics: publications, databases, proposal and scheduling systems, user portals, governmental and facility issues, user organizations, and outreach. All of the workshops were very well attended. A welcome reception for meeting attendees was hosted in the Gallery on the eve of the start of the main meeting sessions.

The final two days of the meeting included plenary sessions covering facility directors' reports and talks on facility upgrades, and future plans. The main meeting opened with a welcome from APS Director Brian Stephenson followed by facility reports from Francesco Sette, Director General, ESRF; Tetsuya Ishikawa, Director of RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8; Edgar Weckert, Director, Photon Sciences, DESY; as well as Stephenson for the APS. Facility upgrades was a common theme among all of the facilities and was woven throughout the presentations. Parallel sessions included “Accelerators and Sources,” “Automation and Control, Data Handling and Management,” “Advanced Beamline Design,” and “Industrial Outreach.” The social event highlight of the meeting was a very enjoyable meeting banquet held at the Art Institute of Chicago, which included guided tours of highlights in various galleries of the museum.

On the closing day of the meeting, visitors were offered a choice of two tours of the APS: an accelerator/sources tour that visited the MCR, undulators, and the Magnetic Measurement Lab and a beamlines tour that took in the soft x-ray beamline for scattering and photo-emission spectroscopy as well as the new Dynamic Compression Sector. You can see the full meeting agenda and links to presentations at http://aps.anl.gov/Users/3Way/.The next host for the Three-Way meeting is SPring-8 in 2015.

Group photo of the Three-Way Meeting, August 2, 2013, at the Advanced Photon Source.

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Tech Tuesdays
The APS Engineering Support Division (AES) definitely knows how to meet goals. Part of their mission statement is “to enable the world-class performance of the APS” and they do just, providing critical engineering, maintenance, and design services that helped the facility achieve x-ray beam availability to users at 99.4% and the longest period without at fault at 768.6 hours during FY2012. The highly coordinated team effort goes on largely “behind the scenes,” but the beneficial impact on the beamlines, users, and user science can’t be overstated.

Now the AES Division has developed “Tech Tuesdays,” an on-line support request system that coordinates and tracks workflow and staff to manage “small job” service requests (those that will require only a few hours of effort to complete). Tech Tuesday operates using a ticket system that provides responsive, real-time tracking and management for tasks such as vacuum work, cable management, changing out controllers, water and gas line work, leak checking, air line drops, building Unistrut frames, and minor construction work, among others. Tech Tuesday's are held Tuesday afternoons (except during shutdowns) during studies periods when the hutches are off line and the doors can be opened.

The work is organized across four matrixed service teams of 10 people each (three teams are dedicated to beamline work and one to accelerator-related work). You can view the service teams at http://www.aps.anl.gov/APS_Engineering_Support_Division/Online_AES_Support/pdf/tt_matrix.pdf. The matrixed teams are organized both by geographic location of beamlines and by programmatic focus (e.g., spectroscopy, imaging, surface scattering and microdiffraction, chemical and materials science, structural science, inelastic and nuclear resonant scattering, optics, bio nanoprobe, etc.). Teams are balanced to include all types of technicians (e.g., water, vacuum, electromechanical, electronics/controls, mechanical, etc.). Support can be easily and quickly requested on line using your name and a valid e-mail address on the Tech Tuesday web page at http://www.aps.anl.gov/APS_Engineering_Support_Division/Online_AES_Support/support_tt.html. You can also view both open and completed requests (which are archived by run period).

Each Tuesday at 12:50 pm, the three teams hold “tool box” meetings in LOMs around the ring to organize their work effort. Safety is a high priority when developing work plans. CAT and XSD beamline staff are welcome to attend these meetings—a work request can be filled out on the spot. An added benefit of the matrixed team approach is that CATs will get to know team members and build solid working relationships with the technicians on their team.

The Tech Tuesday service is available to both CAT and XSD beamline personnel at no cost. The system (initially launched as a pilot program in August 2012 to XSD beamlines) has proven to be very successful, and the program has now been opened to the collaborative access teams. Contact Geoff Pile (pileg@aps.anl.gov) or John Maclean (jfm@aps.anl.gov) with any questions.

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Get Your Geek On: NUFO Goes to Capitol Hill
"Get your Geek on" was the beginning of the final announcement issued by Congressman Randy Hultgren's office to the House of Representatives about the 2013 National User Facility Organization (NUFO) User Science Exhibition on Capitol Hill on Wednesday, June 26, 2013. The exhibition focused on highlights and demos of research in three theme areas: energy, health, and innovation. Among the demos were three spin-off products from discovery research at user facilities: Dow's solar shingles; Dylan's highly sensitive portable mammography machine based on nuclear research; and AKHAN Technologies’ nanocrystalline diamond coatings for drill bits (an achievement that won a 2013 R&D 100 Award).

Posters highlighted the faces and places of science, science and technology education initiatives, and user accomplishments in the three theme areas; with videos.

Comments from Congressmen Chaka Fattah and Randy Hultgren emphasized the importance of user facilities and our national laboratories in America's scientific infrastructure, while Harriet Kung, Director of the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, spoke of "partnering with NUFO" to get the word out about critical science discoveries.

This year's exhibition was sponsored by the Federal National Laboratory Caucus, which is the brainchild of Congressmen Randy Hultgren, Chaka Fattah, Alan Nunnelee, and Ben Ray Lujan. The Consortium was organized to highlight the accomplishments and needs of our national laboratories. The Caucus invited NUFO to feature user facility science at its second event of this year.

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APS User Program: New Roles
On June 1, Susan White-DePace, who joined the APS on October 1, 2012, as Associate Manager for User Programs (http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Communications/User_News/2012/user_news_82.html) stepped into the role of Manager. Susan Strasser, former Manager, is now the Senior Advisor for APS User Programs. Together with Constance Vanni, Assistant Manager, User Programs, these three constitute the User Programs management team. Specific responsibilities for each are listed in the table below.  For all other general inquiries, either e-mail apsuser@aps.anl.gov or call the main User Office number, 630-252-9090.

Susan White-DePace

Constance Vanni

Susan Strasser

Overall User Program management
Foreign Visits and Assignments Issues
User Agreements
Partner User Council
NUFO Executive Administrator

Overall User Office management
Beam Time Access Program
Database Management
APS Users Organization
Annual User Meeting

Scientific Advisory Committee
Beamline/CAT Reviews
Policy Issues
Argonne Scientific User Facilities Interactions

Additionally, the User Office is pleased to announce that Tara Videtic has joined the office as the Foreign Visits and Assignments specialist (replacing the retired Sharon Fisher).Contact information for all of the User Office staff can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Contacts/User_Office_Contacts/.

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Nobel Laureate Keynote Address Kicks Off Record-breaking Users Meeting
The APS’ 22nd users meeting in the history of the facility (held jointly with the Center for Nanoscale Materials and the Electron Microscopy Center on May 6-9, 2013) was a record-breaking event:

  • the meeting hosted more than 625 attendees representing 42 different countries,
  • an all-time high of 54 exhibitor companies participated,
  • 20 different workshops, plenary sessions, and satellite meetings were offered,
  • more than 160 posters were presented at the poster session, and last but not least
  • for the first time ever a Nobel Prize winner gave the keynote address!

Professor Brian Kobilka, Stanford University School of Medicine, gave the keynote address about G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) research that earned the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for him and colleague Robert Lefkowitz (Duke University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, and Duke University Medical Center), based on work done in part at the Advanced Photon Source. The GM/CA@APS team lead by Robert Fischetti and Janet Smith worked closely with Kobilka to push the beamline's capabilities to fully see for the first time ever the 3-D structure of the adrenaline receptor at the exact moment that the protein-receptor complex signaled across the cell membrane. Elucidating this structure is a window into how these receptors enable cells to receive and read signals from outside—which is the basis upon which more than half of the world’s pharmaceutical products work!

Kobilka and GM/CA team

GM/CA group from l to r: Shenglan Xu, Steve Corcoran, Michael Becker, Dale Ferguson, Sheila Trzndel, Naga Venugopalan, Bob Fischetti, GM/CA user Brian Kobilka, Mark Hilgart, Craig Ogata, Oleg Makarov, Ruslan Sanishvili; not pictured: Sudhir Pothineni, Sergey Stepanov, Janet Smith, and Sioan Zohar.

As APS Director Brian Stephenson said in his introduction, “Kobilka's work demonstrates the best of what basic research can achieve. The willingness and ability of APS scientists to remove roadblocks to that research demonstrates the best of what light sources can provide.”  Further information about this research can be found at http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2012/press.html and http://www.anl.gov/articles/advanced-photon-source-lights-way-2012-chemistry-nobel.

After this exciting kick-off to the meeting, the attendees were able to choose from 20 different plenary and workshop sessions. The cross-facility meeting themes included Driving Discovery: Visualization, Data Management, and Workflow Techniques, Nanoscale Imaging of Next-generation Materials, and Pushing the Boundaries of Energy Technology:  Materials Design for Battery Applications. A special workshop on the APS Upgrade was also offered. The meeting banquet was held at the Morton Arboretum, with nature cooperating to provide a perfect evening for the event. More information about all of the workshops and other meeting activities can be found at http://usersmeeting2013.conference.anl.gov/.

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APS Science 2012 Research and Engineering Highlights--Get Yours Today!
Printed and CD copies of APS Science 2012, Research and Engineering Highlights from the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory can be obtained by sending a request to apsinfo@aps.anl.gov. They are also available next to the literature racks behind the APS exhibit in the Bldg. 401 Atrium. Downloadable high- and low-resolution PDF versions are on the APS Web site at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Science/Reports/.

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APS Data Management Practices
The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is committed to providing our users with their data in a timely and convenient fashion. Users of the APS, however, are responsible for meeting their Data Management obligations to their home institutions and funding agencies. The APS does not provide any long-term data archiving or management service. Once data have been provided to each APS experimental group, the user is responsible for managing the long-term retention his/her data, and should not rely on the APS for this service.

APS users come from many scientific communities, and use a range of experimental techniques and detection systems to obtain their data. Thus, the data produced at the APS encompasses a wide variety of file formats and volumes. Further, each community or technique has different requirements for data retention and distribution.

Because of this diverse range of requirements, the data management practices at individual beamlines/sectors at the APS vary significantly, with some beamlines providing specific resources that could help users meet some of their data management needs and obligations. Users should consult a local beamline representative for a more complete description of how and how long their data will be made accessible.

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Quiet Vehicle Hazards
With summer weather in full swing, we want to remind you that pedestrians' interactions with the world are changing: Electric and hybrid vehicles are becoming more common in the cars populating our roads. As with any car, these vehicles present a familiar potential hazard to cyclists and pedestrians. However, if you rely on your hearing to help make you aware of moving vehicles, electric and hybrid vehicles moving at low speeds (e.g., in parking lots) can run so quietly as to be inaudible when compared to the engine noise of standard combustion engine vehicles.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration studies from 2009 and 2011 concluded that, at lower speeds, hybrid and electric vehicles are 37 percent more likely to strike pedestrians and 66 more likely to collide with cyclists than traditional gas-powered cars. Pedestrians and cyclists can be startled when these vehicles appear without the normal “warning signs” such as noise and exhaust. A study (led by perceptual psychologist Lawrence D. Rosenblum of the University of California, Riverside) conducted to test audio recognition of an approaching vehicle showed that blindfolded subjects listening to recordings of cars approaching at 5 mph could detect a combustion engine at a distance of 36 feet but did not pick up the sound of an electric vehicle until it was within 11 feet—essentially leaving only a few seconds to react. When the experiment added typical ambient outside noises, the electric vehicles were essentially not detectable.

To protect yourself, be aware of your surroundings both on roadways and in parking lots at all times. Remove distractions (cell phones, audio devices) and dress for visibility. Keep your eyes open (watch for vehicle lights, check your pathway) and ears open (car door sounds) to ensure your safety.

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--2013 Arthur H. Compton Award Recognizes "Top-Up" Operation Founders
David E. Moncton, John N. Galayda, Michael Borland, and Louis Emery were awarded the 2013 Compton Award for implementing the first "top-up" operation in a synchrotron light source. This award, sponsored by the APS Users Organization Steering Committee, is presented biannually at the Users Meeting "to recognize an important scientific or technical accomplishment at the Advanced Photon Source." You can read more about top-up operation and the four men who made it possible at http://usersmeeting2013.conference.anl.gov/Compton_award.php.

Presentation of the 2013 Compton Award, from l to r: Brian Stephenson, John Galayda, David Moncton, Louis Emery, and Michael Borland.

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--Art of Science Entries Sought!
Calling all photographers: Submit your high-resolution images (up to five total) for the Art of Science contest. The competition will run from Monday, August 26 through Monday, September 23. Cash prizes will be awarded: $250 for first,$150 for second, and $50 for third place winners as well as $50 for a Peoples’ Choice award. Each image must include an easy-to-understand caption for a non-scientific audience.The entry form can be found here. You can see the 2012 entries on Flickr at http://www.flickr.com/photos/argonne/sets/72157631620145965/.

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--Next U.S. Particle Accelerator School
The next session of the U.S. Particle Accelerator School’s university-style credit courses will be sponsored by and held at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, from January 20-31, 2014. Participants may earn three credits from the University of Tennessee or may choose to audit their course(s). One undergraduate-level and 11 specialized graduate-level courses will be offered. Financial support is limited and will be awarded on a competitive basis. Participation is open to both U.S. and non-U.S. residents.

Two-week full courses:

  • Fundamentals of Accelerator Physics and Technology with Simulations and Measurements Lab
  • Accelerator Physics
  • RF Cavity and Component Design for Accelerators
  • Microwave Linear Accelerators

One-week half courses:

  • Ion Sources and Low-Energy Ion Beams
  • Vibrational Aspects of Accelerators
  • System Safety and Safety Systems for Accelerators
  • Managing Science in Research Labs, Part I & II
  • Control Room Accelerator Physics
  • Design of Room Temperature Magnets
  • Radiation Physics, Regulation and Management

Please visit http://uspas.fnal.gov for full course outlines and an application form. U.S. Particle Accelerator School Fermilab/MS 125, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510. Phone 630-840-389.6 Fax 630-840-8500. http://uspas.fnal.gov

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--Scientific American Highlights the Need for Scientists to Do Own Outreach
Dr. Jai Ranganathan, a conservation biologist and co-founder of SciFund Challenge, shared this commentary on the Scientific American guest blog: “Scientists, here’s the bottom line. If you don’t convince the public that your science matters, your funding will quickly vanish and so will your field. Put another way, the era of outreach being optional for scientists is now over.” Read more here.

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--Upcoming Meetings of Interest
September 16-20, 2013: X-FEL2013, Dinard, France (http://xfel2013.univ-rennes1.fr/)
September 29-October 4, 2013: North American Particle Accelerator Conference (NA-PAC'13), Pasadena, CA, USA (http://www.napac13.lbl.gov/)
October 6-11, 2013: 14th International Conference on Accelerator & Large Experimental Physics Control Systems, San Francisco, CA, USA (http://www.icalepcs2013.org/)
October 26-31, 2013: Small-angle Scattering Short Course 2013 "Beyond RG," Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA(http://small-angle.aps.anl.gov/courses/short_course_2013.html)
October 29-November 4, 2013: 60th Annual AVS International Symposium and Exhibition (AVS 2013), (http://www2.avs.org/symposium/AVS60/pages/info.html)
December 2-6, 2013: Neutron Scattering & X-ray Studies for the Advancement of Materials at Thermec 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA (http://www.thermec.org/template3s/)

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--General User Proposal Deadline for Run 2014-1: November 1, 2013

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--Current APS Job Openings
There are a number of science and engineering positions available at the Advanced Photon Source. See http://www.aps.anl.gov/jobs/.

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