APS User News
Issue 80, July 31, 2012

CONTENTS

DIRECTOR'S CORNER

APS Upgrade News by George Srajer, APS Upgrade Director

USER MATTERS
-- Eye Safety Incidents Focus Attention on Personal Protection
-- Grant from DOE Nuclear Energy Innovation Investments Funds Materials Science Research at APS
-- First Joint APS/ATR-NSUF Proposals Submitted!
-- NUFO Meets in Santa Fe; Testifies before House Science Committee
-- Improved Cellular Phone Coverage at the APS

BRIEFLY NOTED
-- Current APS Job Openings
-- LSXS 2012, the School on Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering: Theory and Experimental Methods--Deadline August 3
-- HPCAT Workshop on Advances in Matter under Extreme Conditions October 10-12, 2012
-- 15th International Small-angle Scattering Conference, November 18-23, 2012, Sydney, Australia
-- MRS Symposium VV: Advanced Materials Exploration with Neutrons and Synchrotron X-rays, November 25-30, 2012
-- Final Cross-facility Workshop Reports from 2012 Users Meeting Available
-- Next General User Proposal Deadline: October 26, 2012
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DIRECTOR’S CORNER
During the past school year we inaugurated the Exemplary Student Research Program to introduce synchrotron research into the curriculum of local high schools. This new program, spearheaded by the Argonne Education Division (CEPA-ED), brought three teams of high school students and teachers to Argonne where, working under the watchful eyes of APS resident users and Electron Microscopy Center staff scientists, the students gained hands-on experience in seeing a research project through from idea to presentation of results.

The program requires teams to “construct a doable project based on the techniques and limitations within a specific research group; prepare and submit a research proposal; setup the experiment; gather and analyze their results; make conclusions; and prepare a final poster.” The teams, from Naperville North High School and Neuqua Valley High School presented their posters at the May 2012 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting (see the Argonne feature story “New program puts high school students in role of scientists” for more details).

Building on that initial success, the program is being greatly expanded for 2013, providing a greater number of student teams with access to more APS user facilities. Lou Harnisch of CEPA-ED, working with Susan Strasser and Connie Vanni of the User Office, has expanded the APS portion of the program from one sector (GSECARS) to five: GSECARS again, LS-CAT, NE-CAT, and XSD sectors 7 and 20. Students will have the opportunity to gain experience with a variety of techniques including tomography, XAFS, XES, microprobe mapping, and crystallography.

The expanded program began with an intensive workshop in July for high school teachers who will serve as project mentors for STEM- (which stands for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), Honors-, or Advanced Placement-level student teams during the academic year, in groups of one or two students per teacher. We are delighted to be able to offer students and their teachers an opportunity to learn at our facility, and we’re looking forward to seeing the next set of results. I especially want to thank the APS resident users and staff who are encouraging the next generation of synchrotron scientists by participating in the program.

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APS Upgrade News by George Srajer, APS Upgrade Director
In preparation for the Preliminary Design Report, the APS Upgrade Project has organized a dozen independent technical reviews. The first three reviews took place in July 2012. Review committees comprised of external (non-Argonne) experts reviewed the Imaging and Spectroscopy Beamlines as well as the Front End and Standard Components topic areas. The committees also evaluated design readiness and were specifically asked to address the technical scope; design management; cost and schedule; and environmental, safety, and hazard aspects (where applicable) of the design. Based on close-out session feedback, all three reviews were constructive and productive. We expect written reports within a month.

August will be a busy month as well with scheduled reviews of the Ultrafast and Diffraction Beamlines, Optics/Detectors, Conventional Facilities, and the Short-pulse X-ray Research and Development topic areas. In October and November, reviews will be focused on the hardware for producing short pulse x-rays in the topic areas of Superconducting and High-power Radio Frequency Cavities and associated Safety Systems and Interlocks.

In addition to technical reviews, the Project is busy preparing for the upcoming DOE review of Long-lead Procurement on August 16, the Argonne Director’s Review on September 11-13, and the DOE Baseline Performance (CD-2) review on December 4-6. A complete list of reviews and dates can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Upgrade/Reviews/.

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USER MATTERS

Eye Safety Incidents Focus Attention on Personal Protection
Two incidents occurred at APS in June in which a user had a hazardous chemical unexpectedly splashed into his/her eyes. These incidents occurred on both CAT- and XSD-operated beamlines. In neither case was the individual wearing eye protection since the activity each was engaged in did not require it. In one case, an experimental apparatus was not responding as expected to a command signal, so the user entered the hutch to watch the apparatus while additional command signals were sent. Because the line from a syringe pump to a solution container had an unexpectedly closed valve, it became pressurized and popped off resulting in some drops of liquid splashing into the user's eye. In the other case, an experimental apparatus that had last been used in March was being set up for an experiment scheduled to begin the next day. The apparatus had previously been flushed with toluene after use to remove residual chemicals, and its connecting lines had been capped. However, toluene was still left in the lines and came out of an opened end while a line was being handled to make a connection. Once again, the liquid entered a user's eye. In both cases the Experiment Safety Approval Form specified that personal protective equipment (PPE) was to be used while handling hazardous chemicals. In neither case was this requirement considered to be applicable to the troubleshooting or setup activities.

Everyone is reminded that specified PPE, including eye protection, is to be worn whenever hazardous chemicals are or could be present. These conditions include the set up of experimental apparatus, trouble shooting of apparatus, as well as cleaning and removal of the apparatus at the end of an experiment. Safety glasses are available in LOM chemistry laboratories and the APS stockroom.

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Grant from DOE Nuclear Energy Innovation Investments Funds Materials Science Research at APS
Scientists using the Advanced Photon Source will work toward improving nuclear reactor safety and training the next generation of nuclear energy leaders thanks to a U.S. Department of Energy Nuclear Energy Innovation Investments grant awarded to the University of Illinois. The $100,000 grant will fund research using high-energy x-rays to evaluate the changes in steel upon exposure to radiation. Ensuring that steel can withstand radiation exposure is critical to moving forward with advanced reactors. The work will be carried out at the Materials Research Collaborative Access Team (MR-CAT) beamlines at Sector 10 of the APS.

MR-CAT is a a multiple-institution consortium including the University of Notre Dame, the University of Florida, the Illinois Institute of Technology, Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Sciences and Biosciences/Environmental Research divisions, the Environmental Protection Agency, BP, and UOP.

The University of Illinois grant was one of 16 DOE innovation investments awarded Tuesday, July 17, as part of the Obama Administration’s commitments to restarting the nation’s nuclear industry and promoting education in science, technology, engineering, and math. The grants allow researchers at universities to work on solving common challenges facing the nuclear industry by utilizing the unique tools offered at facilities like the APS.

 “Today’s awards will help train and educate our future nuclear energy scientists and engineers, while advancing the technological innovations we need to make sure America’s nuclear industry stays competitive in the 21st century,” said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. “These investments in U.S. universities, national labs, and industry advance the Obama Administration’s efforts to restart our nation’s nuclear industry as part of an all-of-the-above energy strategy.”

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First Joint APS/ATR-NSUF Proposals Submitted!
The first two proposals testing the joint APS/ATR NSUF proposal system were submitted through the APS General User Proposal (or GUP) system in early July. Located at Idaho National Laboratory in southeastern Idaho (the US Department of Energy's lead nuclear R&D facility), the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) and its post-irradiation examination facilities are a DOE National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) (see http://atrnsuf.inl.gov). The NSUF designation opens up access for nuclear energy researchers from universities, laboratories, and industry to promote a collaborative, healthy R&D environment that will benefit the viability of nuclear energy and help meet the nation’s goals for energy security.

The joint proposal process is initiated when the proposal submitter answers “yes” to the question on the APS GUP form “Does this proposal involve the use of a sample from the ATR NSUF sample library?” This opens an “ATR Info” tab in the proposal that prompts the submitter to provide a program relevance abstract, describing how the research will benefit the DOE’s nuclear energy mission goals (see http://www.nuclear.gov/nePrograms.html). A link to the ATR NSUF sample library is also provided for identification of requested samples.

The proposal is then reviewed by staff at ATR NSUF to ensure the proposed work has DOE-NE program relevance and is technically feasible. If approved, the proposal then proceeds through the standard APS proposal review process. For technical questions about ATR NSUF, contact Jim Cole (james.cole@inl.gov); for general ATR NSUF program questions, contact Mary Catherine Thelen (mary.thelen@inl.gov). For questions about the APS General User Proposal system, contact Beverly Knott (bevknott@aps.anl.gov).

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NUFO Meets in Santa Fe; Testifies before House Science Committee
More than 100 users, user administrators, and other interested individuals met in Santa Fe on June 18-20 for the annual meeting of the National User Facilities Organization (NUFO). The overall meeting theme was strengthening the relationship between academic research and user facilities, but leveraging resources to better communicate the importance of scientific work conducted at national user facilities was a strong secondary theme. Presentations from Matt Howard (Director of Communications, Education, and Public Affairs at Argonne) and Norm Peterson (Argonne Legislative Liaison) prompted considerable discussion and identified potential avenues to be explored. A newly named Social Media Outreach working group is beginning to look at ways to work with Laboratory media personnel, while the NUFO Steering Committee is continuing the dialogue with governmental liaisons.

The results of the recent NUFO Steering Committee elections were also announced, acknowledging retiring members Cathy Knotts (SLAC), Al Ekkebus (ORNL), Mike Crawford (DuPont), and welcoming new members Susan Bailey (LBNL), Yves Idzerda (Montana State University, ALS UEC), Steve Wasserman (Eli Lilly), Beth Wurzburg (SSRL UEC) and welcoming Katherine Kantardjieff (CSU San Marcos, SSRL UEC) who rotates from the Vice-Chair to the NUFO Chair position. 



On June 21, 2012, Outgoing NUFO Chair Tony Lanzirotti (GSECARS) spoke before the subcommittee of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, for a session devoted to Department of Energy (DOE) user facilities. Other speakers included SLAC Director Persis Drell, Suzy Tichenor from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Steve Wasserman from Eli Lilly (LRL-CAT Director), and Ernest Hall (APS User) from GE Global Research. A press release and webcast of the session can be viewed on the committee's web site. 



For further information on NUFO, see the NUFO website, NUFO on Facebook (National User Facility Organization), or Twitter.

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Improved Cellular Phone Coverage at the APS
Argonne's Computing and Information Systems (CIS) division recently achieved a milestone: the Verizon service provider network is now fully integrated with the Lab's new distributed antenna system or DAS. Verizon now joins Sprint/Nextel in having full signal coverage throughout the APS building complex. CIS is working with AT&T to integrate their network as well; the process should be completed in August.

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BRIEFLY NOTED

--Current APS Job Openings
There are a number of science and engineering positions available at the Advanced Photon Source. See http://www.aps.anl.gov/jobs/.

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LSXS 2012, the School on Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering: Theory and Experimental Methods--Deadline August 3
Graduate students and post-docs are invited to submit applications for LSXS 2012, the School on Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering: Theory and Experimental Methods. The school will be held October 17-19, 2012, at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). The application deadline is August 3; notice of acceptance will be sent by August 10. Class size is limited to 16. Full information is at the school web site: http://cars.uchicago.edu/chemmat/lsxs2012/.

The school offers an outstanding opportunity to gain hands-on experience in advanced synchrotron x-ray techniques for studying phenomena at liquid surfaces and interfaces. Lectures will introduce participants to liquid surface scattering, the systems and phenomena that can be studied, synchrotron facilities available for their study, and the theory underlying the experimental techniques. Working in small groups, students will participate in three hands-on activities, including a “live” x-ray experiment, and will present their data and experiences on the last day. Teachers will include the beamline scientists who run the liquid surface x-ray scattering instruments at Sectors 8, 9, and 15 of the APS, as well as other experts with many years of experience in the study of liquid surfaces and interfaces.

The registration fee is $150. Lodging and some travel support are provided. Questions about registration can be directed to Rachel Reed, APS User Office (rreed@aps.anl.gov, 630-252-3656). The school is sponsored by the Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (CARS) at the University of Chicago and by the Advanced Photon Source (organizing committee: Binhua Lin, University of Chicago; Mark Schlossman, University of Illinois at Chicago; and Jin Wang, Advanced Photon Source).

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-- HPCAT Workshop on Advances in Matter under Extreme Conditions October 10-12, 2012
The "HPCAT Workshop on Advances in Matter under Extreme Conditions" will highlight the 10th year of operations at HPCAT and discuss the recent advances in high-pressure synchrotron techniques and in extreme conditions science. Looking forward, the workshop will also identify both scientific and technical challenges and research directions in the next decade through discussions in the breakout panels. For more information, see http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Workshops/HPCAT2012/.

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--15th International Small-angle Scattering Conference, November 18-23, 2012, Sydney, Australia
Registration is now open for the 15th International Small-angle Scattering Conference (see conference web site at http://sas2012.com). The conference will be held at the Sydney Convention & Exhibition Centre on the waterfront of the Darling Harbor precinct and will be showcase talent from the next generation of small-angle scatterers, highlight emerging areas of the field, and exciting social events and networking opportunities combined with high quality science in a spectacular setting. Early registration deadline is August 17, 2012.

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--MRS Symposium VV: Advanced Materials Exploration with Neutrons and Synchrotron X-rays, November 25-30, 2012
The MRS Symposium VV: Advanced Materials Exploration with Neutrons and Synchrotron X-rays will be held at the MRS-Fall-2012 meeting in Boston, November 25-30, 2012, bringing  together most modern and emerging characterization methods and materials scientists in a widest range. The Symposium is organized in the framework of the MRS Fall Meeting. Please see more details about the symposium (http://mrs.org/f12-cfp-vv). A joint session related to diffraction methods applied to amorphous substances is being offered with Symposium NN: Structure-Property Relations in Amorphous Solids (http://mrs.org/f12-cfp-nn).

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--Final Cross-facility Workshop Reports from 2012 Users Meeting Available
http://usersmeeting2012.conference.anl.gov/

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-- Next General User Proposal Deadline: October 26, 2012
http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/apply_for_beamtime.html

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