APS User News
Issue 70, July 7, 2011

CONTENTS

1. DIRECTOR'S CORNER

USER MATTERS
2. More User Mysteries Solved!
3. Several APS Users Recognized in Inaugural Class of New American Crystallographic Association Fellows Program
4. Congratulations to Keith Moffat, Winner of the ACA 2011 Patterson Award
5. Paul Fenter Wins Warren Award for X-ray Diffraction Studies
6. Energy, Enthusiasm, Cooperation, and Commitment Characterize NUFO Annual Meeting

BRIEFLY NOTED
-- Heads Up: User Participation in Upcoming Reviews
-- Upcoming General User Proposal Deadlines
-- Reminder: Registration for 2011 X-ray Science Gordon Research Conference & Seminar Closes July 9, 2011
-- Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics Workshop on Science with Free-Electron Lasers on August 20-21, 2011

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Instructions for subscribing, unsubscribing, and submitting info
http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Communications/User_News/
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DIRECTOR’S CORNER
Safety and forefront scientific research are inextricably entwined. Both involve the same processes, e.g.,

  • imagining and planning new work;
  • researching prior knowledge;
  • bringing to bear the right tools;
  • being on the lookout for unexpected results;
  • pausing to re-evaluate when faced with new information;
  • documenting actions and results;
  • being organized and methodical;
  • communicating clearly among a team;
  • evaluating causes and reproducibility;
  • developing standard procedures;
  • thoughtful analysis and reporting;
  • improving each new project to build upon new knowledge and capabilities; and
  • constantly training the next generation of staff.

When we carry out research at Argonne, the scientific and safety aspects are unified throughout all of these processes.

At the APS we successfully carry out many crucially important yet potentially hazardous types of research. Our ability to properly handle radioactive materials has pointed to new approaches to environmental remediation; our ability to safely create extreme conditions of pressure, temperature, and chemical reactivity has allowed discovery of exotic new states of matter and aided in the development of energy-efficient catalysts; our ability to contain microbiological hazards has broadened understanding of the mechanisms for some of the world's most virulent pathogens and pointed pharmaceutical companies toward potential treatments. These high-reward scientific successes were made possible through mitigation of the special risks by careful planning and construction of equipment and facilities. Equally important is our ability to properly handle the widespread use of many potentially hazardous systems required to support all of the forefront experiments at APS, such cryogens, high voltage, lasers, high-power microwaves, vacuum and pressure vessels, heavy equipment, and even the x-ray beams themselves.

Because the relentless 24-hour operations schedule and the eagerness of our user community can exert time pressure on every aspect of our work, it is and must continue to be part of our culture to anticipate and remain vigilant in managing and reducing these risks. A long-term perspective is crucial to both safety and science. While it can take considerable effort and patience to plan and safely execute strategically important research, this investment will continue to pay strong dividends via critical scientific results.

We can be proud of the excellent science and safety records of APS and Argonne. One of the reasons these records are strong is that we are always looking for ways to improve. I welcome your ideas for continuing to improve and to best serve the nation with our outstanding science and facilities.

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USER MATTERS

2. More User Mysteries Solved!
True or False: If you home institution has changed, you can just change it on the GUP or ESAF to update your user information.
FALSE! The GUP and ESAF databases do not automatically update your user information. Register as a “returning user” to view and update your most recent registration information.

True or False: As a non-US citizen, I only need site access approval if I am physically coming to the APS.
FALSE! Non-US citizens must have site access approval for remote work, too. All remote users must complete the on-line cyber training.

True or False: I only need a Users Agreement if I am an on-site user.
FALSE! Users Agreements are required for remote and mail-in work, too. See http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/User_Agreements/ for a current list of institutions with active Users Agreements. If you have any questions about Users Agreements, please contact Anne Owens (aowens@aps.anl.gov).

True or False: My clearance as a non-US user has expired – I can wait to register until before my next visit.
MAYBE! Keeping your clearance status current would streamline your visit process in the event you get last-minute beam time. Better to stay up-to-date with your user registration information.

True or False: I am bringing my wife (and/or children) with me on my visit to the APS. Because they are not doing any work, I don't need to do anything additional to have them come.      
FALSE! Any person coming on to Argonne National Laboratory grounds must complete a visitor registration form.

True or False: I am bringing a visitor(s) to the floor during my experiment, but they are only going to observe. I don't need to do anything additional to have them come because they are not doing any work.
FALSE! Observers/visitors must register as visitors and follow the rules for visitors on floor (e.g., must be escorted at all times, cannot perform any hands-on work).

True or False: You must actually click the “Submit” button for your registration to be truly completed.
TRUE! Clicking out of the registration form without actually clicking the “Submit” button leaves your registration in a "being entered" status and the registration will not be processed.

True or False: I registered a week ago and haven't received anything yet, but “no news is good news” and I may assume my paperwork is in progress.
FALSE! Check with the User Office (630-252-9090 or apsuser@aps.anl.gov)—it may simply be that your registration confirmation e-mail has been misrouted or that a computer problem has resulted in your registration not being received at all. Better to check before you travel!

True or False: I'll register as a visitor rather than a user. I'll get processed faster that way.
FALSE! This was true at one time, but no longer! Each type of registration is processed the same. To come and conduct your experiment, you must be a registered user. A visitor must be under strict supervision while on the experiment hall floor and visitors cannot do hands-on work. Save everyone time and register as a user!

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3. Several APS Users Recognized in Inaugural Class of New American Crystallographic Association Fellows Program
The American Crystallographic Association (ACA) recently announced the names of the 16 Fellows selected for its inaugural class. This honored group includes Advanced Photon Source users Phillip Coppens, Nobel Laureate Johann Deisenhofer, Wayne Hendrickson, Michael Rossmann, B.C. Wang (founder of the Southeast Regional Collaborative Access Team or SER-CAT) and several registered users: Bill Duax, Judith Flippen-Anderson, Nobel Laureate Herbert Hauptman, Isabella Karle, and Nobel Laureate Jerome Karle.

The Fellows Program was approved by the ACA membership in 2009 to recognize “a high level of excellence in scientific research, teaching and professional duties, but also service, leadership and personal engagement in the ACA and the broader world of crystallography and science. ACA Fellows will serve as scientific ambassadors to the broader scientific community and the general public to advance science education, research, knowledge, interaction and collaboration.” Congratulations to all the Fellows selected for this honor. The inagural class was honored at the 2011 ACA Conference banquet.

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4. Congratulations to Keith Moffat, Winner of the ACA 2011 Patterson Award
Keith Moffat (BioCARS, University of Chicago) has been selected as the recipient of the 2011 Patterson Award from the American Crystallographic Association (ACA). Moffat is recognized for his work in pioneering ultrafast time resolved x-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation to capture the function of fundamental protein processes at atomic resolution. The Patterson Award was established in 1980 in honor of A. Lindo Patterson to recognize and encourage outstanding research in the structure of matter by diffraction methods, including significant contributions to the methodology of structure determination and/or innovative application of diffraction methods and/or elucidation of biological, chemical, geological or physical phenomena using new structural information. Throughout the past 60 years, the ACA has established 10 individual awards to recognize exceptional scientists who have made seminal contributions in the areas of scientific research, policy, and public outreach. Each individual award is typically presented only once every three years.

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5. Paul Fenter Wins Warren Award for X-ray Diffraction Studies
Physicist Paul Fenter (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division) has been named the next recipient of the American Crystallographic Association’s (ACA) Bertram E. Warren Award, which recognizes contributions to the physics of solids through the use of diffraction-based techniques. Fenter studies “interface dynamics” – the physical and chemical processes that occur at the boundaries between different materials and has developed methods to image such interfaces more directly so that interfacial processes can be better understood. Congratulations to Paul! You can read more about his research and this award here. (http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/APS_News/Content/APS_NEWS_20110614.php)

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6. Energy, Enthusiasm, Cooperation, and Commitment Characterize NUFO Annual Meeting
More than 100 attendees of the NUFO annual meeting held at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) on June 27-29, 2011, explored topics ranging from best practices, to various forms of outreach, to effective communication with universities and other organizations representing users, user facilities, and science in general. Following a warm welcome by Chi-Chang Kao (Director of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource), Carla Vale (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and NUFO Steering Committee member), kicked off the comprehensive program by describing NUFO’s ventures into social media with a presence on both Facebook and Twitter. Susan Bailey (Advanced Light Source) followed with a description of their workflow analysis, leading to a specification document for the development of a comprehensive user portal (available upon request). Monday afternoon breakout sessions on social media, cross-facility access, and cybersecurity/data policy issues sparked vigorous discussions, setting the stage for the possible formation of NUFO working groups on these topics. The afternoon ended with the announcement of NUFO election results: Katherine Kantardjieff, Chair-Elect; Amanda Thompson (Fermilab), Administrator-Elect; and Christine Aidala (LANL), Member-Elect.

Tuesday’s session began with Rene Bellwied (outgoing NUFO Chair), summarizing the past year’s NUFO activities and describing an ambitious agenda for the year ahead, including science exhibitions in Washington for both the House and Senate, as well as outreach events at a number of national scientific meetings. Bellwied's presentation was followed by a talk from Guebre X. Tessema (National Science Foundation Program Director) on the challenges in educating the next generation of scientists and engineers, with some thoughts on how NUFO could play a role. Sekazi Kauze Mtingwa (MIT and African Laser Centre), followed with suggestions on encouraging diversity in access to user facilities. Artie Bienenstock (Senior Policy Analyst with the American Association of Universities) summarized how AAU works and how university scientists can help to communicate the importance of the user facilities to their academic research.  The morning’s session continued with a stimulating talk by Mike Lubell (American Physical Society), on how users can contribute to public perception of science, and, in turn, Congressional action on science support. Next was a short presentation by Susan Strasser (Advanced Photon Source and NUFO Steering Committee member), on user metrics—why, what, and how. Concluding the morning was a video presentation by Robert Boege  (Executive Director of the Alliance for Science and Technology Research in America), on resources available to promote science.

Two afternoon presentations, one by Wenbing Yun (Founder and President of Xradia), on small business interactions with user facilities, and Russell Moy, (Senior Advisor and General Counsel of the Southeastern Universities Research Association), on federal laboratory technology transfer, led into a lively discussion in one of the afternoon breakout sessions on working with industry. Two other concurrent sessions were held:  encouraging diversity and research and educational access to national user facilities; and how NUFO and users can help support science challenges The afternoon ended with summaries from all breakout sessions and a strong recommendation that working groups form around these topics to continue the discussions started at the annual meeting.

Wednesday morning led off with a tour of SSRL and LCLS, followed by two more breakout sessions—one for user administrators to discuss best practices, and the other for users and others to practice “elevator talks” on science as a means of fostering public awareness of the importance of science and the work conducted at user facilities.

Other meeting highlights included a Monday evening barbecue and a poster session/reception hosted by SLAC that featured posters from all 38 NUFO facilities that were displayed at the User Science Exhibition in Washington, DC on April 7th.

Further information and summaries of the outcomes from the working groups will be posted on the NUFO Web site (http://www.nufo.org) shortly.

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BRIEFLY NOTED

-- Heads Up: User Participation in Upcoming Reviews
Users and representatives from various user groups may be requested to give science presentations and participate in talks for the University of Chicago Review (July 27-29, 2011) and the triennial Department of Energy/Basic Energy Science review (September 12-15, 2011). Further information about these reviews will be forthcoming.

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-- Upcoming General User Proposal Deadlines
The deadline to submit proposals for run cycle 2011-3 is Friday, July 8, 2011. The next deadline for run cycle 2012-1 is Friday, October 28, 2011. Details and the on-line proposal submission form can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/apply_for_beamtime.html.

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-- Registration for 2011 X-ray Science Gordon Research Conference & Seminar Closes July 9, 2011
Reminder: Registration for the upcoming Gordon Research Conference and the accompanying Gordon Research Seminar closes July 9, 2011.

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-- Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics Workshop on Science with Free-electron Lasers on August 20-21, 2011
The Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (SINAP) will organize a two-day workshop on Science with Free-Electron Lasers on August 20-21, 2011, prior to the FEL 2011 Conference in Shanghai (http://www.sinap.ac.cn/fel2011/). The main intention is to further stimulate the growing interest in the Chinese Science Community to use free-electron lasers for solving key scientific questions by informing about the various FEL projects in Asia and recent applications using FEL radiation in the spectral range from the VUV to hard x-rays.

The workshop will take place at the SSRF Auditorium in Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics. There is no conference fee. Applications should be sent by e-mail to Jianhui Chen (chenjianhui@sinap.ac.cn).

Workshop co-chairs: Zhentang Zhao (Shanghai Institute of Applied Science Chinese Academy of Science) and Jochen R. Schneider (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY Center for Free-Electron Laser Science CFEL); local workshop coordinator: Dong Wang (Shanghai Institute of Applied Science Chinese Academy of Science).

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