APS User News
Issue 69, June 9, 2011

CONTENTS

1. DIRECTOR'S CORNER

USER MATTERS
2. Top 7 User Myths Debunked!
3. 2011 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting
4. APS Science 2010
5. Workshop on Diamonds for Modern Light Sources
6. NUFO User Science Exhibition on Capitol Hill
7. Lahsen Assoufid Named Optics Group Leader

BRIEFLY NOTED
-- Argonne Child Care Center Available for Users
-- Fifth Synchrotron Environmental Science (SES V) Conference in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 23-24, 2011
-- Next General User Proposal Deadline: July 8, 2011
-- Registration for 2011 X-ray Science Gordon Research Conference & Seminar Closes July 9, 2011

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DIRECTOR’S CORNER
This month marked an historical milestone for the APS and its users. An independent review of cost and conceptual design for the APS Upgrade (APS-U) project was carried out on May 17-19 by the Department of Energy. It culminated in a unanimous recommendation for the approval of Critical Decision 1, which will allow the project to proceed to the preliminary design phase. This is a major step on our path to the upgrade of the nation's premier hard x-ray synchrotron, which will provide orders-of-magnitude improvements in the performance of the x-ray sources, and more than a dozen new or improved beamlines designed to advance critical scientific areas.

At the review close-out on May 19, many committee members commended the work that has been done to date, our staff's evident professionalism, and the quality of the technical and management presentations. The committee also provided us with extensive recommendations for use in developing the preliminary design for APS-U project.

Orchestrated by APS-U Project Director Derrick Mancini, many people throughout the APS and Argonne contributed strongly to getting us to this most significant milestone yet. Central to the success of the APS-U project are the contributions, past and future, of our users, our Scientific Advisory Committee, the APS Users Organization, and the Partner User Council. It’s clear that we could not have reached this milestone without the synergy among the APS and its users, and we should all feel proud of this accomplishment. We look forward to continuing to work together just as closely as we proceed to the next phase of the APS Upgrade project, to create a revitalized APS that will open exciting new scientific vistas for decades to come.

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USER MATTERS

2. Top 7 User Myths Debunked!
Myth No. 1: I just heard that my General User proposal has been awarded time in the upcoming cycle. That’s all I need to do—I can show up at the APS at my appointed time, right?

Nope! Before you actually begin your beam time here, you need to confirm the schedule with your beamline host, complete (or have the on-site spokesperson for your experiment complete) an Experiment Safety Assessment Form (ESAF), and make sure you have a current APS User badge or have asked the APS User Office (apsuser@aps.anl.gov; 630-252-9090) to arrange for a gate pass.

Myth No. 2: I have reservations at the Argonne Guest House. That’s all I need to get on site.

Actually not. You still need a valid APS User badge or a gate pass. Check with the User Office if you’re not sure your badge is valid or don’t have one.

Myth No. 3:  I have a photo APS User badge now. That’s all I need to get on site.

Better check. If you are a U.S. citizen and you have a photo badge without an expiration date, you need a new badge. If you are not a U.S. citizen, check the expiration date on your badge to make sure it is AFTER you plan to be here. Otherwise, contact the User Office.

Myth No. 4: My experiment spokesperson tells me I’m listed on an ESAF. I’m covered, right?

Not necessarily. You need to make sure you have registered with the APS User Office, have up-to-date access documentation, and have completed all your required training. Otherwise, the experiment may have to go on without you.

Myth No. 5: I have an expired badge. I can just show up; Argonne has everything they need.

Unless you’ve provided up-to-date access documentation to the User Office and have been notified that your continued access has been approved, you’ll be stopped at the gate and perhaps sent away.

Myth No. 6: The Argonne Information Center will update my documentation as long as I provide a copy of my new passport/visa. Then I can go on site.

The Argonne Information Center does not update your documentation. Submit your registration to the APS User Office along with updated passport/visa information before you travel to Argonne. Any time you have an information change, submit an updated registration. We notify you by email when access documentation is approved.

Myth No. 7: I’ve been approved for access at Brookhaven and Lawrence Berkeley Lab. That means I’m okay for Argonne, right?

Not at all! Each national laboratory has to arrange for its own access. Sometimes having approval from another national laboratory will speed up the process for Argonne, but that’s not a given.

Bottom Line:  YOU are responsible for making sure that you can get on site for your experiment by

• Registering with the User Office either as a new or returning user at https://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/ufr_main_pkg.usr_start_page
• Responding to User Office e-mails with needed documentation.
• Notifying the User Office well in advance of your visit.
• Making sure your training is up-to-date and a user agreement is in place with your institution.

If you have any questions, please contact the APS User Office at apsuser@aps.anl.gov; 630-252-9090.

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3. 2011 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting
Budget worries were not enough to put off the dedicated scientists, researchers, and staff who attended the 2011 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting. The meeting (held at the Advanced Photon Source May 2-5, 2011) was attended by nearly 600 people! The opening plenary session included talks by Dr. Linda Horton (Office of Basic Energy Sciences, DOE), Matthew Tirrell (Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago), and the Honorable Randall M. Hultgren (U.S. House of Representatives, IL 14th District), as well as Argonne’s Director Eric Isaacs.

Facility updates by Brian Stephenson (APS), Amanda Petford-Long (CNM), and Dean Miller (EMC) offered attendees highlights of the past year’s activities at each user facility, as well as forward-looking perspectives on what the future holds for the user communities being served by these world-class facilities. The morning session concluded with a report from Simon Bare (UOP LLC) about the National User Facility Organization, or NUFO.

Parallel plenary sessions for the three facilities offered a diverse array of speakers to choose from. The APS session highlighted Richard Prum (Yale University) “Optics and Self-Assembly of Color Producing Biological Nanostructures,” Brandt Eichman (Vanderbilt University) “Structural Studies of Proteins that Repair Alkylated DNA,” and Tom Duffy (Princeton University) “Mineralogy at the Extremes.”

The 2011 APS Arthur H. Compton Award was also presented on the opening day to Ed Stern, Farrel Lytle, the late Dale Sayers, and John Rehr for their development of the XAFS or x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy technique. XAFS allows the acquisition of data on local structure and on unoccupied electronic states in non‐crystalline materials. These outstanding scientists defined the XAFS technique and enabled its application to scientific problems that cross all disciplines of the physical, chemical, and biological sciences. More about the awardees and their work can be found at http://aps.anl.gov/News/APS_News/Content/APS_NEWS_20110421B.php.

Student speaker awards were presented to three students selected by judging committees to recognize work done at their respective facilities. The winner for the APS prize was Dooshaye Moonshiram (Purdue University) for "Spectroscopic Characterization of the Water Oxidation Intermediates in the Blue Dimer Ru-based Catalysts for Artificial Photosynthesis." A full list of the winners can be found at http://2011usersmeeting.conference.anl.gov/StudentPosterAwards.htm.

The meeting’s social event/dinner was a fete called “Taste of Argonne” and offered a tasty variety of foods inspired by classic Chicago food festivals. A performance by Chicago’s own improvisational musical group “Baby Wants Candy” sent attendees home smiling.

Day two of the meeting featured three cross-facility workshops: “Frontiers in Imaging and Spectroscopy,” “Emergent Interfacial Phenomena,” and “In Situ Phenomena in Catalysis.” The day concluded with a very well-attended poster session/reception with more than 120 posters.

Facility-specific workshops rounded out day three, with the APS hosting four full-day and two half-day workshops. Details on all the workshops (cross-facility and facility specific) can be found on the web at http://www.2011usersmeeting.conference.anl.gov/focus.php. An album of photos from the meeting can be viewed here.

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4. APS Science 2010
In a departure from past practice, we will no longer mail printed copies of APS Science, the yearly compendium of research and engineering highlights from the APS, to all the names on our mailing list. This change will result in a significant savings in printing costs and postage. However, APS Science 2010 (and back issues as well) are available to you upon request in the following formats:

• CDs with enhanced interactive content can be obtained via a request to apsinfo@aps.anl.gov. In your email, please include a complete mailing address, the year(s) requested, and the number of CDs requested.
• A downloadable PDF of the 2010 book (and previous years) can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Science/Reports/.
• Printed copies are also available via a request to apsinfo@aps.anl.gov.

As above, please include in your email a complete mailing address, the year or years, and the number of books you’d like if greater than one. We hope you will obtain our highlights book(s) through one of these methods.

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5. Workshop on Diamonds for Modern Light Sources
The well-attended, fourth-in-the-series Workshop on Diamonds for Modern Light Sources (DMSL) was held on May 5-6, 2011, at the Advanced Photon Source as a satellite meeting to the 2011 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting. These workshops are devoted to the use of diamonds at synchrotrons and FELs. The previous DMSL workshop was held in Japan in 2008. The scope of the workshop was to assess: 1) size, quality, and availability of synthetic type IIa, 2) the status of CVD, 3) applications for beamline optics, 4) applications for BPMs and detectors, 5) applications at FELs, and 6) novel applications (e.g., for an XFELO).

Linda Young (Division Director, XSD) opened the meeting with the workshop welcome. The May 5 sessions covered present-day activities at third-generation sources (ESRF, Spring-8, and ESRF), at new sources (Petra III, NSLS II, Diamond in the UK, and Alba in Spain), and for current and future FELs. The May 6 sessions included presentations by suppliers (Sumitomo, TISNCM, element 6, and Applied Diamond), a session on BPMs and detectors, and lastly a session devoted to diffraction, mounting, and metrology. During the session on BPMs and detectors, there were several speakers from outside the light source community, which demonstrated a broader scientific domain for these applications beyond light sources.

Workshop highlights include 1) reports of supplier facilities for thinning and polishing; 2) reports on tests of supplier-provided bonds to CVD cooling manifold; 3) a report of more than 99% reflectivity from diamond for hard x-rays (measured at the APS), significant for XFELO feasibility; 4) a report on thermal expansion measurements at low temperatures made at the APS (no negative thermal expansion, thermal expansion below 1 x 10-9); 5) a report from BNL of substantial progress in diamond XBPMS, beam flux monitors, and fast detectors; and 6) a presentation of plans for a self-seeding of the FEL at LCLS with diamond crystals.

A detailed agenda, list of speakers, and PDFs of the presentations will be available on the workshop web page at http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Conferences/2011/DMLS. This DMLS workshop hosted 59 attendees, the highest attendance achieved in the workshop series to date. The workshop was supported in part by Argonne National Laboratory, Applied Diamond, Inc., Sinmat, Inc., and element six, Ltd. The workshop coordinator was L. Shoudis. The local organizers were A. Macrander, Y. Shvyd’ko, and X. Huang.

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6. NUFO User Science Exhibition on Capitol Hill
The National User Facility Organization (NUFO) recently hosted the Inaugural User Science Exhibition on April 7. The event was held in the Rayburn Foyer of the Rayburn House Office Building on Capitol Hill. NUFO’s focus was to highlight the significant and important role that scientific user facilities play in science education, economic competitiveness, fundamental knowledge, and scientific achievements. Attendees, including Congressional Leaders, DOE Office of Science staff, and representatives from a number of science agencies and societies, viewed posters and streaming video presentations from each of the 39 user facilities. A detailed report about the event (and a slide show of photos) can be found on the NUFO web site at http://www.nufo.org/news.aspx.

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7. Lahsen Assoufid Named Optics Group Leader
Lahsen Assoufid (X-ray Science Division) assumed the role of Group Leader of Optics April 1, 2011. Lahsen came to the Advanced Photon Source in 1992 as an Assistant Physicist, after obtaining his Ph. D. in 1991 from the University of Paris and teaching for one year at the University Pierre & Marie Curie. He’s authored approximately 60 publications and was co-editor of the book “Molecular Building Blocks for Nanotechnology” and three SPIE conference proceedings on “Advances in Metrology for X-ray and EUV Optics.” Lahsen is an acknowledged leader in the field of x-ray optics and metrology, having made significant technical contributions to the design, optical metrology and-in beam characterization of focusing of profiled Kirkpatrick Baez (KB) mirrors among many other technical achievements. In the broader optics community, Lahsen organized the first major international workshop for x-ray and neutron optics at Argonne and co-chaired the 2009 Optical Society of America’s Frontiers in Optics conference. With SPIE (the international society for optics and photonics) Lahsen founded and has chaired the Advances in Metrology for X-ray and EUV Optics Conference since 2003. Lahsen has also been named a 2011 Fellow of both the Optical Society of America and the SPIE.

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BRIEFLY NOTED

--Argonne Child Care Center Available for Users
Short assignment users of the APS and other Argonne facilities are able to use the Argonne Child Development Center for short-term child care during their stay. The center is located in the Argonne Park area (a brief drive from the Main Gate). More information about this service can be found on the "Visiting the AP"S web page (http://www.aps.anl.gov/About/Visiting/) under "Short-term Child Care."

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-- Fifth Synchrotron Environmental Science (SES V) Conference in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 23-24, 2011
The University of Saskatchewan will host SES V from Thursday, June 23 to Friday, June 24, 2011. Continuing the tradition established by previous SES conferences, SES V will bring together a diverse community of environmental and synchrotron scientists who apply synchrotron-based radiation techniques to study the biological and geochemical aspects of both local and global environmental issues. Students and new synchrotron users will have the opportunity to participate in our synchrotron school (June 19-22), which immediately precedes the main SES meeting. On Friday, to match the mining theme of the conference, there will be an opportunity to go on an underground tour of a nearby potash mine (limited capacity). The Friday afternoon session will highlight facility news from participating synchrotrons throughout North America. Please visit the website (http://www.lightsource.ca/sesv/)to view confirmed speakers and register for this important environmental conference.

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-- Next General User Proposal Deadline: July 8, 2011
The next deadline to submit proposals for beam time is Friday, July 8, 2011. Details and the on-line proposal submission form can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/apply_for_beamtime.html.

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-- Registration for 2011 X-ray Science Gordon Research Conference & Seminar Closes July 9, 2011
Registration for the upcoming Gordon Research Conference and the accompanying Gordon Research Seminar (which will be held August 7-12, 2011,at Colby College in Waterville, Maine) closes July 9, 2011.

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