APS User News
Issue 66, December 8, 2010

CONTENTS

DIRECTOR'S CORNER

SCIENCE NEWS
1. Science Highlights

USER MATTERS
2. Seeking Nominations for the Tenth APS Compton Award by Feb. 15, 2011
3. Publishing Papers: Acknowledging the Office of Science
4. Recent APS Publications Listing Now Available through On-line Database
5. New User Prox Badges Being Issued at Argonne Information Center

FACILITY NEWS
6. Your Input Needed for Workshop, Speaker Ideas!
7. “The APS Upgrade” Lecture Presented at “Future States” Series
8. 2010 Laboratory Holiday Gate Closure Schedule

BRIEFLY NOTED
-- NUFO News Now Available On Line
-- 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference
-- Ultrafast X-ray Summer School 2011 in Hamburg

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DIRECTOR’S CORNER

In my first month as Interim Director, I’ve enjoyed beginning to meet a broader range of the APS community and working with management on the priorities for 2011 and beyond. I'd like to mention some areas that will be our focus in the coming year:

  • Working to continue and to expand the excellence of APS in both research and operations,
  • Developing a well-thought-out conceptual design for the APS Upgrade Project with input from the community and peer review of each component,
  • Re-envisioning the strategic plan for APS that includes the Upgrade Project as well as additional facilities and programs to lay the foundations for the next generation of excellent science at APS to 2020 and beyond, and
  • Increasing our engagement with current and new user communities and partner users, ensuring that APS remains a world-class user facility.

Globally, x-ray facilities are rapidly improving and expanding. Advanced new sources are coming on line at our sister laboratories in the United States as well as worldwide that are both complementary and competitive to the current capabilities of APS. This provides both an opportunity and a challenge for us. The Upgrade Project offers to give us a core of new state-of-the-art beamlines and accelerator improvements that will position us to remain in the lead in hard x-ray capabilities.

In the next year, we will continue to refine the scope of the Upgrade Project through the conceptual design phase. We have asked many members of the community to help this process by creating scientific case documents for the components of the Upgrade, to be reviewed by our Scientific Advisory Committee in March. In addition, we need to coordinate Upgrade activities with our ongoing operations and research, so that our scientific programs continue to flourish. A key part of this will be to continue to build and support the staff scientists at APS.

The APS Upgrade and additional facilities we develop in the coming years will provide many new opportunities to enhance our user communities and partnerships, so that the new technical capabilities we develop will result in real impact on science and society. This is a very important year and a very exciting time for APS and x-ray science, and I’m looking forward to working with you to make the most of it.

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SCIENCE NEWS

1. Science Highlights

  • Breakthrough in Nanocrystals’ Growth
    Research at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Photon Source (APS), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), and Electron Microscopy Center (EMC) at Argonne National Laboratory has provided an unprecedented view of nanoparticles growing from the earliest stages of their formation. Nanoparticles are the foundation of nanotechnology and their performance depends on their structure, composition, and size. Researchers will now be able to develop ways to control conditions under which they are grown. More…
  • When Size Matters: Yttrium Oxide Breaking Down under Pressure
    Sometimes size does matter, such as when certain nanomaterials exhibit different behaviors under varying extreme conditions. An example is yttrium oxide (Y2O3), a compound employed in industrial coatings and many other applications, including nanotechnology. But as with many similar materials, the qualities and stabilities of yttrium oxide on the nanoscale can vary greatly from those of the bulk material, so a thorough understanding of those differences and how they work is crucial. An experimental team working at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory has discovered that Y2O3 in nanometer-sized particles undergoes a definite phase transition under pressure that results in characteristics quite different from bulk Y2O3, a finding with important implications for the use of yttrium oxide as a nanomaterial. More…
  • Ultrafast Imaging of Electron Waves in Graphene
    The fastest “movies” ever made of electron motion have been captured by researchers using the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne and the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). The movies, which were created by scattering x-rays off of graphene, show that the interaction among graphene’s electrons is surprisingly weak. More…

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USER MATTERS

2. Seeking Nominations for the Tenth APS Compton Award by Feb. 15, 2011
Nominations are being sought for the Tenth Advanced Photon Source Arthur H. Compton Award. This award, established in 1995 by the APS Users Organization, recognizes an important scientific or technical accomplishment at the Advanced Photon Source. The award consists of a plaque and $2500. This award is presented in alternate years at the spring Users Meeting; the awardee(s) are expected to present a plenary lecture(s).

Nominations should include a brief (one page or less) nominating letter containing a description of the work for which the award is proposed, a statement describing the significance and impact of the work, a short proposed citation for the award plaque, and the names of two individuals who will provide supporting letters (under separate cover). (It is the responsibility of the nominator to request the supporting letters.) Nominations and supporting letters should be e-mailed to Susan Strasser (strasser@aps.anl.gov). Complete packages will be sent to the selection committee, which consists of representatives from the APS Scientific Advisory Committee and the APS Users Organization. The deadline for the submission of all nominating information is Tuesday, February 15, 2011. The awardee(s) will be announced by March 15, 2011. Contact Susan Strasser if you have questions.

Previous recipients include Nikolai Vinokurov and Klaus Halbach (1995); Philip M. Platzman and Peter Eisenberger (1997); Donald H. Bilderback, Andreas K. Freund, Gordon S. Knapp, and Dennis M. Mills (1998); Sunil K. Sinha (2000); Wayne A. Hendrickson (2001); Martin Blume, L. Doon Gibbs, Denis McWhan, and Kazumichi Namikawa (2003); Günter Schmahl and Janos Kirz (2005); Andrzej Joachimiak and Gerold Rosenbaum (2007); and Simon Mochrie, Mark Sutton, and Gerhard Grübel (2009).

You can read more about Arthur H. Compton on the APS Users Organization web site at
http://www.aps.anl.gov/About/Committees/APS_Users_Organization/Compton/.

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3. Publishing Papers: Acknowledging the Office of Science
The following was recently sent by Patricia Dehmer, Deputy Director for Science Programs, Office of Science (SC), U.S. Department of Energy, to all Basic Energy Sciences Facility Directors:

“The continued vitality of Office of Science research programs and facilities depends upon our collective ability to consistently articulate a clear and compelling picture of the necessity of Office of Science-supported activities. To this end, the Office of Science leadership is continually seeking to improve its visibility and ‘brand-recognition,’ especially within the scientific and policy communities.

“The User Facilities are one of the central, defining characteristics of the Office of Science. The Office of Science considers promoting greater awareness of the diverse utilization and impressive research achievements across the Office of Science User Facilities a priority. We believe significant improvements can be made in communicating the linkages between the Office of Science and the User Facilities.”

Toward that end, and consistent with specific requests from SC, the acknowledgement statement that must be included in all published reports of work conducted at the APS has been modified as follows:

“Use of the Advanced Photon Source, an Office of Science User Facility operated for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory, was supported by the U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.”

Please use this statement in your published papers going forward. Thank you very much.

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4. Recent APS Publications Listing Now Available through On-line Database
A link to a weekly list of records entered in the APS Publications Database was recently added to the APS home page (http://www.aps.anl.gov). This list is updated every Monday to show entries from the previous week. The link (entitled “Recent Publications”) can be found on the right-hand side of the APS home page below the “APS News” items. The list can be accessed directly via the URL http://www.aps.anl.gov/Science/Publications/Recent/.

As noted on the page, the list does not include abstracts, invited talks, awards, magazine articles, or patents. For complete lists, please search the APS Publications Database at https://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/pub_v2_0006.review_start_page.

A link that will establish an RSS feed of the weekly list is also available on the page.
Inquiries about or submissions to the publications database should be directed to apspubs@aps.anl.gov.

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5. New User Prox Badges Being Issued at Argonne Information Center
As of Monday, November 29, 2010, all APS user badges are being issued at the Argonne Information Center (AIC) between the hours of 8:30 a.m. through 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday.

The conversion of the APS Cardkey access system to a proximity or “prox” card system requires that all APS users be rebadged. APS staff and resident users have already received new photo prox badges, as have new non-resident users who have arrived since the 2010-3 run began. All other users will need to obtain new badges. Because of DOE regulations, all user badges will now have an expiration date printed on the badge front. Badges for U.S. citizen users will expire two years from issue; non-U.S. citizen badges will expire (as they do now) two years from the date of issue or at the end of status documentation, whichever is sooner.

During the transition, users with current Cardkey photo badges will need to stop at the AIC during business hours (see above) to have their badges replaced. For users arriving on weekends or after hours, the current badge will be honored for site access. Visitor prox cards will be available from the Floor Coordinator on duty, as well as the APS Control Room and can be used to access the Lab Office Modules and APS Experiment Hall until photo badges can be obtained.

New users arriving after 5:00 p.m. on weekdays or during the weekends must notify the APS User Office (apsuser@aps.anl.gov) to ensure that an off-hours gate pass will be waiting at the Cass Avenue Main Gate. Visitor prox cards will be available from Floor Coordinators or the Control Room to use until the AIC Badging Office is open.

Important Note: Photo prox badges will NOT be issued at the AIC unless a user has completed Argonne User Facility Orientation (ESH100U), which can be completed remotely in advance at the following link: http://www.aps.anl.gov/Safety_and_Training/Training/. Note also that prox cards will NOT be activated for access at the AIC. Activation of the Prox badges will continue to be handled by the APS User Office. When users have obtained their new badges, they will need to stop at the APS User Office (Building 401, B1100) to sign papers, confirm biographical information, confirm training status (or complete the rest of required user training), and have badges activated. (Contact: Susan Strasser, APS User Office, strasser@aps.anl.gov or 630-252-5981)

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FACILITY NEWS

6. Your Input Needed for Workshop, Speaker Ideas!
The 2011 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting is scheduled for May 2-4, 2011. The APS Users Organization (APSUO) Steering Committee is now calling for suggestions for APS session focus speakers and proposals for APS-specific workshops. These proposals should be no more than one page long and include a description of the workshop's scientific or technical focus, a list of suggested speakers (it need not be a final list), and the names of at least two workshop organizers.

Limited funds will be available to help cover costs associated with workshop organization, but identification of other support would be useful. The workshop schedule will be announced after the APSUO Steering Committee meeting on January 21, 2011.

This combined event (Advanced Photon Source, Center for Nanoscale Materials, and the Electron Microscopy Center) will have a slightly different format than previous meetings, with a beginning plenary session on Monday, followed by several parallel sessions and an evening social event. Tuesday will consist of three fully integrated all-day workshops, each co-chaired by a representative from each of the three facilities, with a poster session immediately following. Wednesday, May 4 will feature facility-specific plenary sessions and workshops.

Please send focus speaker suggestions to Peter Eng (eng@cars.uchicago.edu) and workshop proposals to Pamela Focia (focia@northwestern.edu) no later than January 7, 2011.

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7. “The APS Upgrade” Lecture Presented at “Future States” Series
Linda Young, XSD division director and Argonne distinguished fellow, presented the future of the Advanced Photon Source at a recent "Future States" lecture series. Her presentation, "The APS Upgrade," is now available online on Focal Point as a video/slide show.

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8. 2010 Laboratory Holiday Gate Closure Schedule

Date
Main Gate Status
West Gate Status
East Gate Status
Friday-Sunday
December 24-26
OPEN 24 hours CLOSED CLOSED
Monday-Thursday
December 27-30
OPEN 24 hours OPEN
6:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m.
CLOSED
Friday-Sunday
December 31-January 2
OPEN 24 hours CLOSED CLOSED
Monday, January 3 OPEN 24 hours OPEN
6:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m.
CLOSED
Tuesday, January 4
Laboratory resumes normal operations.

The official 2010-2011 Laboratory holiday dates are Christmas Eve, Friday, December 24; Christmas Day, Monday, December 27; New Year's Eve, Friday, December 31; and New Year’s Day, Monday, January 3, 2011.

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BRIEFLY NOTED

-- NUFO News Now Available On Line
The National User Facility Organization (NUFO), founded in 1990, now has a web-based newsletter available at http://www.nufo.org/news.aspx. NUFO represents the interests of all users who conduct research at U.S. national scientific user facilities, as well as scientists from U.S. universities, laboratories, and industry who use facilities outside the United States.

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-- 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference March 28-April 1, 2011
The 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC’11) is taking place in New York City from March 28 to April 1, 2011. http://www.bnl.gov/pac11/

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-- Ultrafast X-ray Summer School 2011 in Hamburg, June 20-23, 2011
The Ultrafast X-ray Summer School 2011 (UXSS 2011) will take place at DESY in Hamburg, Germany, from June 20-23, 2011. UXSS 2011 is jointly organized by the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) at DESY and the PULSE institute at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The summer school program will be highly interdisciplinary, with topics ranging from accelerator physics to molecular biology. A list of speakers and topics can be found below. More details will be provided in the second announcement in January 2011. (Contacts: Robin Santra, CFEL, DESY, and University of Hamburg; Hermann Duerr, PULSE, SLAC)

  • Synchrotron Radiation Sources and Free-electron Lasers
    (Joe Frisch, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory)
  • Ultrafast Laser Technology; Characterization of Ultrafast Pulses
    (Phil Bucksbaum, Stanford University)
  • X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
    (Frank de Groot, Utrecht University)
  • Elastic X-ray Scattering; Coherence
    (Tim Salditt, University of Goettingen)
  • Inelastic X-ray scattering
    (Wilfried Wurth, University of Hamburg)
  • X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy; Disordered Systems
    (Gerhard Gruebel, DESY)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics Using Ultrafast X-rays
    (Linda Young, Argonne National Laboratory)
  • Chemical Applications of Ultrafast X-rays
    (Philippe Wernet, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin)
  • Correlated Electron Systems
    (Luca Perfetti, Ecole Polytechnique)
  • Biological Applications of Ultrafast X-rays
    (Ilme Schlichting, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research)

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