APS User News
Issue 62, June 21, 2010

CONTENTS

MESSAGE FROM MURRAY

SCIENCE NEWS
1. Jaramillo Recognized for Techniques to Study Quantum Effects at High Pressure
2. Science Highlights

USER MATTERS
3. APS Upgrade Seminar Series Scheduled for Summer Months
4. APS Beam Time Request System Goes Full Time

FACILITY NEWS
5. Proposal Deadline July 9, for 2010-3 Run Cycle
6. Twenty Years of Groundbreaking Science and Beyond!
7. Workshop Summaries from the 2010 APS/EMC Users Meeting Available Online
8. New APSUO Members Elected
9. NUFO Report

BRIEFLY NOTED
-- First North American Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference: August 2-6, 2010
-- The 10th International Conference on X-ray Microscopy: August 15-20, 2010
-- Short Course on High Pressure Synchrotron Techniques: September 15-18, 2010
-- 16th Pan-American Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Conference: September 21-24, 2010

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MESSAGE FROM MURRAY
CD-0 Approved for APS Upgrade

The Critical Decision-0 was signed by Bill Brinkman, Director of the DOE’s Office of Science, on April 22, 2010, and announced by Pedro Montano, Division Director for Scientific User Facilities, on the first day of our Users Meeting. This is a very significant milestone--it represents the confirmation of the “mission need” for the APS Upgrade and the beginning of a formal project. The next step is the preparation of the Conceptual Design Report that is needed for Critical Decision 1. In the Conceptual Design Report we present the technical alternatives and associated resource requirements that will be considered to address the mission need. We urge our users to engage in the development of this important document--more information can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Upgrade/.

I am also delighted to announce that Derrick Mancini is the Project Director for the APS Upgrade, and he is reporting to me as a Deputy Associate Laboratory Director for Facility Development within the Photon Sciences Directorate (PSC). Derrick’s career at Argonne began at the APS; he has also served very successfully as the Project Manager during the construction phase of the Center for Nanoscale Materials. Derrick is now leading the APS Upgrade team, with Geoff Pile of the Accelerator Systems Division (ASD) maintaining his role as the Project Manager. I am confident that the team will deliver great success, continuing to rely on help and assistance from many people at APS, Argonne, and our user community.

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SCIENCE NEWS

1. Jaramillo Recognized for Techniques to Study Quantum Effects at High Pressure
Rafael Jaramillo has been named the recipient of the 2010 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award by the APS Users Organization in recognition of his work on itinerant magnetism and for his contributions to the study of quantum matter at high pressure using synchrotron x-ray diffraction. Jaramillo’s aim was to test a theory that predicted that the magnetism in chromium metal could be suppressed by applying very high pressures at temperatures near absolute zero. If this phase transition could be accessed--among other challenges, the signature of the change would be very faint--it would be a prime example of quantum criticality. Jaramillo worked with several collaborators over a period of years to integrate three techniques--low-temperature studies, high-pressure diamond anvil cells, and high-resolution diffraction--to achieve the required sensitivity. The successful observation of the quantum criticality was reported in the May 21, 2009, issue of Nature. The work was done XSD beamline 4-ID-D, where the technique is now being used to investigate other questions. Jaramillo discussed his past and current work, and the award, in a recent Careers Q&A interview in NatureJobs. More details and references are available in the press release.

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2. Science Highlights

  • Cementing the Structure of CSHs
    Portland cement concrete is all around us, in the sidewalks we walk on, the buildings we live and work in, and the roads our vehicles ride on. One of the most versatile and useful building materials ever created, it is so commonplace that we hardly ever think of it (unless we happen to trip and scrape our knees on it). Yet surprisingly, although we worry about carbon emissions from cars, airplanes, and power plants, this everyday, seemingly innocent material is also a hidden and largely ignored global warming culprit. More…
  • Self– and X-ray–Induced Crystallization of Supramolecular Filaments
    Experiments can sometimes lead to the discovery of completely unanticipated phenomena. Such is the case with the remarkable behavior exhibited by peptide nanostructures (in the form of supramolecular filaments) observed during experiments carried out by researchers from Northwestern University at beamline 5-ID of the DuPont-Northwestern-Dow Collaborative Access Team (DND-CAT) Synchrotron Research Center at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. More…
  • Metallic Glass Yields Secrets under Pressure
    Metallic glasses are emerging as potentially useful materials at the frontier of materials science research. They combine the advantages—and avoid many of the problems of—normal metals and glasses, two classes of materials with a very wide range of applications. More…
  • The Structure of the "Swine Flu" Virus
    The structure of a key protein from the virus that caused last year's "swine flu" influenza epidemic has been solved by researchers using two U.S. Department of Energy synchrotron light sources, including the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne. More…

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USER MATTERS

3. APS Upgrade Seminar Series Scheduled for Summer Months
A series of APS Upgrade technical seminars is scheduled for the second and fourth Wednesdays throughout this summer. The seminar topics will provide current information on Upgrade-related topics and have been chosen to represent a broad range of topics of interest to the APS user community. This seminar series will also provide a forum for user feedback and comment on the direction and scope of these topics. The second seminar, set for June 23 and presented by Ken Sidorowicz, will cover the topic of “Computing/Network.” (The first seminar was held June 9; Michael Borland spoke on “Long Straights, RHB and Overall Performance Specs.”)

In case you are not able to attend, all seminars will be broadcast live using Adobe® Connect™ web conferencing software. Adobe® Connect™ enables the audience to interact (Flash Player plug-in required) with the presenter by submitting questions in the chat window. Please log on to the following URL (http://anl.adobeconnect.com/apsupgradetechnicalseminars/) to participate in the seminar series.

The full schedule of APS Upgrade seminars can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/News/Meetings/APS_Upgrade/.

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4. APS Beam Time Request System Goes Full Time
Beginning with Run 2010-3 (the first run of fiscal year 2011), all beam time at the APS must be requested through the APS Beam Time Request System (https://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page). This single-portal system enables both submission of new proposals and beam time requests (BTRs) against existing, active proposals. Proposals must be submitted for all types of beam time: General and Partner User, Collaborative Access Team (CAT) member, as well as CAT and APS staff. General Users will notice no difference in the submission, review, and allocation processes. Partner User proposals (PUPs) will now be submitted on line; the review and decision process for these proposals remains the same. However, for approved PUPs, BTRs must be submitted for each cycle in which beam time is needed. The major change is the requirement that CAT members, CAT staff, and APS staff submit proposals and BTRs for time. These proposals can be very brief and do not expire; the off-line review processes for these proposals are determined by the relevant CAT or APS X-ray Science Division Group Leader.

This new system will enable much more timely and accurate collection of beam time usage data for various types of reporting. Additionally, this system will enable beamline scientists and administrators to schedule electronically, send scheduling and reminder e-mails for beam time, and monitor submission and completion of Experiment Safety Assessment Forms (ESAFs). For further information, contact Susan Strasser (strasser@aps.anl.gov) or Claude Saunders (saunders@aps.anl.gov).

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FACILITY NEWS

5. Proposal Deadline July 9, for 2010-3 Run Cycle
The deadline is Friday, July 9, 2010, for new general user proposals and beam time requests on existing active proposals for APS run 2010-3 (October - December 2010). Partner user proposals (PUPs), CAT Member, APS Beamline Staff, and CAT Beamline staff proposals are also due on that day.

The General Proposal (GUP) system will accept proposals until 11:59 pm (Chicago time) on July 9, but User Office support will not be available after 5:00 pm. If you feel you may need help during the submission process, please create your proposal as early as possible.

If you have any questions or encounter any problems during the submission process, please feel free to contact Meg Vigliocco-Hagen (630-252-9026, meg@aps.anl.gov) or Bev Knott (630-252-7385), bevknott@aps.anl.gov.

The URL for the GUP System is: https://beam.aps.anl.gov/pls/apsweb/gup0005.start_page

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6. Twenty Years of Groundbreaking Science and Beyond!
The major focus of the 2010 APS Users Meeting program was a celebration of the 20 years of discoveries, innovations, and “firsts” at the APS since ground was broken for the facility on June 4, 1990. However, the first meeting highlight was a forward-looking announcement by Pedro Montano, representing the Department of Energy Office of Science, affirming the Department’s approval of mission need for an APS upgrade (CD-0), the first in a series of important decisions about the scope and timeline for this project, which should lead to further extraordinary research opportunities. Following this announcement, Murray Gibson, APS Director and Associate Argonne National Laboratory Director for Photon Science, expressed his excitement at the decision and then highlighted key discoveries during the past year. Next, Dean Miller and Amanda Petford-Long, Directors of Argonne’s Electron Microscopy Center and Center for Nanoscale Materials, respectively, stressed the opportunities available to APS users for collaboration and interdisciplinary research with users and staff from their facilities, highlighting new instrumentation and accomplishments.

Keynote addresses included an insightful retrospective by Gopal Shenoy (“Conceiving and Realizing APS: A Symphony of Fresh Vision and Extraordinary Challenge”), and talks by Wayne Hendrickson (“Synchrotron Crystallography in Biological Discovery”), J. Kent Blasie (Interfacial Structure of Biological and Biomimetic Films), and John Parise (“Understanding the Composition and Structure of Crystallographically Challenged Materials).

User Science highlights included talks by Antonino Miceli, a DOE Early Career Award winner (“My Perspective on Future X-ray Detectors”), Ka Yee Lee (“Beyond Wrinkles: Stress Relaxation in Lipid Monolayers and Other Elastic Thin Films”), Ross Harder (“Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging of Strain on the Nanoscale”), and Robert Fischetti (“Macromolecular Crystallography and Observations of Reduced Radiation Damage with Micro-beams”).

An overview presentation by Dennis Mills on the APS upgrade set the stage for a number of talks directed toward current and future science using instrumentation that will be developed as part of the upgrade. Gerald Seidler (“X-ray Spectroscopies and Hard Problems in Energy Science: One Size Doesn’t Fit All”) led off, followed by Malcolm Guthrie (“Extreme Environments, Multiple Length Scales”), Roy Clarke (“Interfaces in Complex Systems”), and Maxim Boyanov (“X-ray Biogeochemistry: Elucidating Bacterial-Mineral-Contaminant Interfaces at the Molecular Scale”). A Town Hall meeting, moderated by APS Users Organization Chair, Paul Fuoss concluded this section of the meeting. Users expressed opinions and asked questions related to the Upgrade. Dennis Mills pointed users to the Upgrade Web site (http://www.aps.anl.gov/Upgrade/) for the most current information.

Final meeting highlights included seven workshops and two award presentations and talks. Lili Gao presented the invited student talk entitled “Pressure Dependence of Atomic Structure, Magnetism, and Elastic Properties of Fe3C: A Combined Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction and Nuclear Resonant Scattering Study.” The 2010 Rosalind Franklin Award was presented to Rafael Jaramillo, now a Postdoctoral Appointee at Harvard University. This award recognized Dr. Jaramillo’s graduate work at The University of Chicago investigating the effect of pressure on the phase transition of chromium into a spin-density-wave state at lower temperatures. (See related story in this issue.)

Further information on the 2010 APS User Meeting, program, workshops, and abstracts can be found at http://www.aps.anl.gov/Users/Meeting/2010/. Photos from the meeting are found here.

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7. Workshop Summaries from the 2010 APS/EMC Users Meeting Available Online
Summaries of each of the seven workshops hosted in conjunction with the 2010 APS/EMC Users Meeting are available on the web.

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8. New APSUO Members Elected
Elections for new members of the APS Users Organization (APSUO) were held during the 2010 APS/EMC Users Meeting, May 3-5. Four new steering committee members were chosen from an excellent field of candidates. Each new member will serve for three years. More information about the APSUO can be found here.

Eric Dufresne is a beamline scientist in the X-ray Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory. He earned his PhD from McGill University, Canada. Research interests include time-resolved x-ray scattering and imaging, coherent x-ray studies of equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena, and x-ray optics/instrumentation.

Pamela J. Focia is the Structural Biology Facility Manager at Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Dr. Focia received her Ph. D. in pharmaceutical chemistry from the University of California, San Francisco. Her research interests include macromolecular crystallography, the structural biology of protein:protein and protein:RNA interactions, and structure-based drug discovery.

Matthew Miller is currently a Professor at the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. His research pursuits include the mechanics of engineering materials and diffraction experiments on semiconductor materials, among others. He received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

Robert M. Suter is currently a Professor of Physics and Materials Science and Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA. Prof. Suter received his PhD in physics from Clark University. His research interests include the development and application of high-energy x-ray diffraction microscopy at APS sector 1.

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9. NUFO Report
The annual meeting of the National User Facility Organization (NUFO), held June 7-9, 2010, at Brookhaven National Laboratory, focused on a number of issues of interest to users-among them educational and community outreach approaches, streamlined access processes for non-US citizens, further standardization of user agreements, and industrial use of various users facilities. NUFO represents the interests of users of all national user facilities, as well as American users of international user facilities. For further information about this meeting, copies of the presentations, and further information about NUFO itself, go to http://www.nufo.org or e-mail info@nufo.org.

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BRIEFLY NOTED

--First North American Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference: August 2-6, 2010
The first North American Core Shell Spectroscopy Conference will be held jointly with the 59th Denver X-ray Conference from August 2-6, 2010, at the Denver Marriott Tech Center Hotel in Denver, CO. (http://www.dxcicdd.com/cssc/). The conference will feature a special symposium and dinner honoring Prof. Edward A. Stern's contributions to the field of XAFS.

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--The 10th International Conference on X-ray Microscopy: August 15-20, 2010
The 10th International Conference on X-ray Microscopy (XRM2010) focuses on x-ray microscopy and its applications to biology, physics, chemistry, materials and environmental science. XRM2010 will be held August 15-20, 2010, at the Sheraton Hotel & Towers in downtown Chicago, IL. On-line registration is open until August 1, 2010. Student participants are eligible for discounted conference registration and lodging.

A full schedule listing all speakers and their presentation topics is available at
http://xrm2010.aps.anl.gov/index.php?/program/. Post-deadline abstracts for posters will be accepted until July 15, 2010. Posters on new facilities and projects are welcome. Abstract submission details are available at http://xrm2010.aps.anl.gov/index.php?/abstracts/.

Please visit the conference web site for travel and accommodation information. Special group rate information for XRM 2010 conference participants at the Sheraton Hotel & Towers is available until July 23, 2010. Book your room at the Sheraton online or call for reservations (+1-312-464-1000) and mention "XRM 2010."

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--Short Course on High Pressure Synchrotron Techniques: September 15-18, 2010
The Synchrotron X-Ray Methods in High Pressure Research short course, sponsored by the High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HPCAT) and Carnegie-DOE Alliance Center (CDAC), is being held at the Advanced Photon Source on September 15-18, 2010.

This short course will provide an introduction for graduate students and postdoctoral researchers to high-pressure synchrotron-based research. Several high-pressure research frontiers will be introduced, and practical aspects of state-of-the-art x-ray synchrotron techniques will be presented together with their current and potential applications. Each topical presentation will be followed by a discussion session. This short course forms a coherent introduction to the field of high-pressure research that is not generally taught in universities and will provide a valuable background for students and young researchers to the field, regardless of the career paths they might pursue.

Further information about registration, meeting agenda, posters, contact information, and travel/lodging can be found on the web at http://people.gl.ciw.edu/hpcatshortcourse/index.html.

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--16th Pan-American Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Conference: September 21-24, 2010
The 16th Pan-American Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Conference (SRI2010) will be held from September 21-24, 2010, at the Advanced Photon Source and will feature presentations on the latest developments in synchrotron methods and instrumentation, including new sources, optics, detectors, beamlines, and groundbreaking applications. SRI2010 will emphasize the impact of synchrotron radiation instrumentation in many disciplines, including life, energy, and environmental sciences.

Because of the enthusiastic response to the call for abstracts for SRI2010, the abstract deadline has been extended until June 28, 2010. To submit your abstract for an oral or poster contribution, please visit http://sri2010.aps.anl.gov/index.php/abstracts/. Abstracts not selected for oral presentation will be considered for poster presentations.

Register for the meeting at http://sri2010.aps.anl.gov/index.php/register/. (Please note that early registration ends September 1, 2010.) Visit the SRI2010 website for details on travel, accommodations, the vendor exhibition, and much more.

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