Symposium Celebrates X-ray Centennial

The APS X-ray Centennial Symposium planned for Monday, October 16, promises to be a true celebration of science. Seven distinguished scientists, three of them Nobel Laureates, will provide personal and professional insights into the course of x-ray research during the past century.

Following a welcome by Argonne Director Alan Schriesheim, Professor Albert Wattenburg (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) will provide a glimpse into the life of William Röntgen. Professor Wattenburg was one of the young physicists who worked closely with Enrico Fermi in 1942 at The University of Chicago on the Manhattan Project. He is widely recognized both for his distinguished research career and his study of science history, with a special interest in the events following the discovery of x-rays. His topic will be "The Discovery of X-rays and its Exceptional Impact on Physics and the World."

Professor Boris Batterman, current Director of the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS), will speak next. Professor Batterman has been recognized worldwide for his unique and creative contributions to the field of x-ray physics. He will share insights into x-ray research during the early decades of this century.

Professor André Guinier, a member of the French Academy of Sciences, will describe the many significant research advances in radiation research during his long and distinguished career. Professor Guinier is well known for his significant contributions to x-ray physics and instrumentation and has authored several important books, the most recent of which, La matière à l'état solide, was published in 1987.

Following a break for lunch, Nobel Laureate Jerome Karle, who is currently Chief Scientist at the Laboratory for the Structure of Matter at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, will speak. Dr. Karle also participated in the Manhattan Project and has won numerous awards for his work in electron and x-ray diffraction theory and its use, including his 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on phase determination from x-ray diffraction data.

Professor Samuel Hellman, the A. N. Pritzker Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology at The University of Chicago, is a world authority in the field of radiation cancer therapy. He will share his insights into the relationship between basic research and medical treatment.

Nobel Laureate Allan MacLeod Cormack, University Professor of Physics at Tufts University, will describe his pioneering research into the field of computed tomography, for which he was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize in Medicine.

Nobel Laureate and MIT Emeritus Professor of Physics Clifford Shull will conclude the symposium by discussing his work, beginning with early x-ray diffraction studies and his pioneering research in the development of neutron diffraction techniques for the study of solid-state physics.

A reception at 6:00 pm for symposium attendees will follow Shull's talk.

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