The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection


ZGSĀ  -- Zero Gradient Synchrotron (operation: 1963 - 1979)

The ZGS was a 12 GeV weak-focusing proton synchrotron.  It was the first high energy physics accelerator located between the U.S. coasts.  The ZGS was also the first synchrotron to accelerate spin polarized protons and the first to use H-minus injection. Other noteworthy features of the ZGS program were the large number of university-based users and the pioneering development of  large superconducting magnets for bubble chambers and beam transport.      

References - Document Access Guide

  • History of the ZGS, Argonne, 1979, American Institute of Physics, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 60 (1980).
    (Located in the Argonne Research Library)
  • High Energy Physics at Argonne National Laboratory, A. Crewe, R. Hildebrand, D. Getz, L. Markheim, and
    D. Carlson, Argonne National Laboratory (1963).
    (Located in the Argonne Research Library)
  • Symposium on the 30th Anniversary of the ZGS Startup, M. Derrick, Argonne National Laboratory (1994).
    (Located in the Argonne Research Library or the DOE Information Bridge)
  • History of the ZGS 500 MeV Booster, J. Simpson, R. Martin, R. Kustom, Argonne National Laboratory,
    ANL-HEP-TR-06-44 (2006).
    (Argonne National Laboratory Document )

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