The Argonne Accelerator History Document Collection


IPNS – Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (operation: 1982 - 2008)

This was the first spallation slow neutron source based on a proton synchrotron.  Techniques for producing and using these pulsed slow neutron beams for condensed matter research were pioneered at Argonne using the ZGS during the 1970's.  The RCS rapid-cycling synchrotron, which powered the IPNS for its entire 26 years of operation, was originally built as a 500 MeV injector for the ZGS.   The pioneering work at IPNS established the unique scientific value of this new type of neutron source.  IPNS was followed by higher intensity spallation neutron sources in the UK (ISIS) and at ORNL (SNS). 

References - Document Access Guide

  • History of the ZGS 500 MeV Booster, J. Simpson, R. Martin, R. Kustom, Argonne National Laboratory, ANL-HEP-TR-06-44, (2006).
    (Argonne National Laboratory Document )
  • IPNS-A National Facility for Condensed Matter Research, J.M. Carpenter, D.L. Price, N.J. Swanson, Argonne National Laboratory ANL-78-88 (1978).
    (Located in the Argonne Research Library)
  • IPNS Upgrade - A Feasibilty Study, Argonne National Laboratory, ANL -95/13 (1995).
    (Located in the Argonne Research Library)
  • How Argonne's Intense Pulsed Neutron Source Came To Life and Gained Its Niche, C.W. Westfall, Argonne National Laboratory, ANL/HIST-5 (2007).
    (Argonne National Laboratory Document )

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